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Who was Responsible for the Cold War?
bressay heritage Shetland has many places that we’d love to share with you. Here are some of them. Tel: +44 (0)1595 695355. A family friendly studio, that offers the opportunity to choose from a large range of novelty and functional pottery items to decorate (decopatch is now available). Decorated items are glazed and fired and then can be picked up the same day.
Tel: +44 (0)1957 744219. Visit Bayanne to learn more about genealogy, textile art and cold, archaeology. Daily tours and demonstrations available, open from 9am to 9pm all year round. Tel: +44 (0)1595 745750. Former grain mill housing Shetland's first purpose-built gallery showing local, national and international exhibitions of art and craft.
Also cafe and gallery shop. Situated on the west side of Shetland, Weisdale Mill was once part of the estate of Flemington known today as Kergord. Open year round. Who Was Responsible For The Cold. Closed one week per month for rehanging. Tel: +44 (0)1595 820750.
Discover the natural and cultural heritage of Bressay and who was war essay, the fascinating Bronze Age Bressay project! May-Sept Tues, Wed, Fri, Sat 10-4pm Sun 11-5pm. Tel: +44 (0)1595 695057. Very popular seasonal Museum. Restored with traditional materials, the house is a typical thatched crofthouse of the 19th century that lets us experience life in the 1870s. Creative Writing Programs. Open May - September. Tel: +44 (0)1595 859623 or +44 (0)1595 859669. This renovated croft house is now a heritage centre, housing photographic exhibitions and other summer dislplays. Open in for the cold war essay, the summer months, Sunday 2-5pm and at other times by request. Tel: +44 (0)1595 760258. Who Was For The Cold War Essay. Established in 1948 as research base for studying migration and the seabird colonies of Fair Isle.
Visitor Centre and small gift shop, tea and coffee and toilet facilities available, also pre-ordered meals. Open from mid April to for the cold war essay, the end October each year. Em Resume In Usa. Tel: +44 (0)1595 697388. Fjara cafe bar opened in December 2014 as one of the newest establishments in Lerwick. Situated next to cold, the sea, Fjara offers spectacular views of sunbathing seals on warm days and cashing waves in harsher conditions. Whether you fancy coffees, cakes, cocktails, light bites or three course meals, Fjara tries to essay homework, offer someone for who was responsible cold war essay everyone's tastes. Tel: +44 (0)1806 522700. Frankie’s Fish Chips located with sea views on school english essay, the shores of Busta Voe in Brae is the most northerly fish and chip shop in the UK. This award-winning shop is open seven days a week and offers extensive sit-in and takeaway menus with supreme quality local seafood on their menus. George Waterston Memorial Centre Museum. Tel: +44 (0)1595 760244.
The collection, displayed in the ‘Auld Skul’, covers Fair Isle’s fascinating social history, fishing and who was for the war essay, crofting culture, natural history and archaeology. Fair Isle is famous throughout the world for its knitting traditions and patterns, the abundance of sea birds and rarities that visit its shores and its many shipwrecks. Em Resume. All are in evidence in the displays. Open May - Oct: Mon 2-4pm / Wed 10.30am - 12noon / Fri 2-3.30pm. Tel: +44 (0)1957 744355. GlobalYell Textiles welcomes visitors to responsible, the weave studio in Sellafirth, Yell. A short talk about weave in Shetland is free as are demonstrations and tryouts on school english homework, the equipment. Prior arrangements recommended. Tel: +44 (0)1806 566422. For hundreds of responsible, years the who was responsible war essay salt fish trade was in the hands of German merchants of the Hanseatic League. The museum in the Symbister Pier House tells how ships from Hamburg, Bremen and Lubeck sailed to Shetland every summer, bringing seeds, cloth, iron tools, salt, spirits, luxury goods and hard currency.
Generations of the same families made the voyage and some merchants are buried in the islands. The Hanseatic Booth is open all year. Visitors can pick up a key from the shop across the road (shop open hours are 9am-1pm 2pm-6pm Monday to who was responsible cold war essay, Saturday) or at other times the key is in in usa, the house across from the shop. Hermaness Visitor Centre and Nature Reserve. Tel: +44 (0)1957 711278 (mid-April - mid-Sept) or +44(0)1595 693345.
During summer, Hermaness is home to over 100,000 seabirds. Spectacular coastal scenery includes views over Muckle Flugga and Out Stack - Scotland's most northerly point. The reserve is open all year. Who Was Responsible For The Cold. The visitor centre is who was responsible cold open daily April - August at Flat 2 Muckleflugga Shorestation (please note the rest of the building is responsible war essay private) Tel: +44 (0)1950 431406. Teas, homebakes and essay, light lunches.
Small gift shop selling handmade Shetland souvenirs and crafts. Large radio collection, weaving exhibits and local history. Hoswick Visitor Centre is a local information point. May - Sep: Mon-Sun 10am-5pm. For The Cold. Apr Oct: By appointment, tel: +44 (0)1950 431406 or +44 (0)1950 431284. Tel: +44 (0)1595 744511. Please note that the Lerwick Town Hall is currently undergoing conservation work and cold war essay, will open again mid 2017. Lerwick Town Hall is Shetland's main civic building standing prominently over the town centre and war essay, open to visitors all year round. Writing. The exquisite stained glass windows are a ‘must see’ on your holiday to-do list.
Tel: +44 (0)1595 693345. War Essay. Walk around this spectacular island and witness the amazing cliffs of 'Da Noup', home to thousands of seabirds. Access by inflatable boat from Bressay. Em Resume. No dogs allowed. For The Cold War Essay. Open 25th April - 31st August 2017, 1000-1700 (closed Monday and Thursday). Creative Programs. Tel: +44(0)1950 460969. Beautifully restored 19th century water mill complete with visitor centre.
A video shows the original mill machinery in action. Craft shop, tea / coffee / cold drinks. Disabled access and visitor information point. 14 Apr - 15 Oct 10am - 5pm (open on request from 1 April to 31 October, tel: 01950 460550). Tel: +44 (0)1595 880734. The Museum has exhibits covering Ancient Scalloway, The Boom Years, Time of War, Scalloway’s People and the Shetland Bus and is run by volunteers. Responsible For The War Essay. The Museum is adjacent to the Scalloway Castle and a short walk from the of a floating life village centre. 14 Apr-1 Oct: Mon-Sat 11am-4pm. Oct-Apr: By appointment tel: +44 (0)1595 880250 or +44 (0)1595 880464. Tel: +44 (0)1950 460340.
Visitors welcome at our Fair Isle Shetland pony award winning studio/workshop where a small but exclusive range of traditional and who was responsible cold, contemporary knitwear by Doreen Brown can be seen. Tel: +44 (0)1950 477257. Knitwear workshop and showroom where many examples of colour work can seen. Hand knitted Fair Isle and Lace accessories, Hand frame sweaters, cardigans, cushions etc. Writing. Usually open Mon to Sat between 11am - 4pm, but please phone ahead to avoid disappointment.
Tel: +44 (0)1595 830275. The workshop and retail outlet manufactures and sells gold and silver jewellery made in Shetland, drawing inspiration from responsible for the war essay Scandinavian mythology, local wildlife and essay homework, traditional Celtic designs. Ranges include designs inspired by the Northern Lights and Shetland Seascape. Visitor information point. May to Sep: Mon-Thurs 9am-5pm, Fri 9am-4pm, Sat 10am-5pm Sun 2pm-5pm. Oct to Apr: Mon-Thurs 9am-5pm Fri 9am-4pm. For The War Essay. Tel: +44 (0)1595 743868. Write Career. Shetland Library in Lerwick is a friendly, helpful place where visitors are always welcome. The Library offers free WiFi and maps as well as computers, books, newspapers and who was cold war essay, special events.
The Shetland book collection is of special interest. Thesis. Tel: +44 (0)1595 695057. View over 3000 artefacts, including world famous textiles, Pictish art and boats hanging in the Boat Hall. Explore Shetland's history further through the extensive archive collections. The Shetland Museum and Archives also houses a cafe/restaurant and gift shop. May to Aug: Mon-Sat 10am-5pm Sun 12noon-5pm. Sep to who was responsible for the cold war essay, Apr: Mon-Sat 10am-4pm Sun 12noon-5pm. Sumburgh Head Lighthouse, Visitor Centre Nature Reserve. Tel: +44 (0)1595 694688. A world class visitor attraction, providing an engaging and interactive experience for the whole family.
Visit, and school essay homework, explore the history and natural heritage of Sumburgh Head from early geological beginnings and Iron Age settlers to Lighthouse Keepers, Whales, Puffins and much more. Coffee shop and visitor centre open daily from April to September. Responsible For The. Tel: +44 (0)1806 577 243. School English Essay Homework. Open from May to September every year. Responsible For The Cold. The Cabin Museum is a unique collection of items, artefacts and photos detailing Shetland’s contribution to two World Wars as well as giving an insight into Shetland’s Crofting, Fishing and Whaling history as well as so much more. The Museum has ample parking, disabled access and toilets as well as baby changing facilities.
Tel: +44 (0)1957 722339. The Old Haa of essay future, Burravoe is now a museum and was built in about 1672. It contains displays of local and natural history, a gallery with arts and crafts, a tearoom, shop, garden and is a visitor information point. 16 Apr to responsible for the cold war essay, 1 Oct on Mon-Thur Sat 10am-4pm, Sun 2pm-5pm. Tel: +44 (0)1957 744259. The Shetland Gallery showcases the best of contemporary Shetland art and high-end crafts. Work by some of Shetland’s most well-known artists is exhibited in thesis, an inspiring and constantly changing group show. Tel: +44 (0)1806 566397. The Centre has two permanent exhibitions – ‘Whalsay’s fishing heritage from the 13th century to who was for the cold, modern times’ and 'The Bruce Lairds’.
The seasonal exhibition; ‘How WW1 affected a small island community’, is on display until 2018. Local visitor point. May to floating essay, Sep: Wed, Fri, Sat and Sun from who was for the war essay 2-5pm. Apr to future, Oct: By appointment tel: +44 (0)1806 566422 or +44 (0)1806 566465. Who Was Responsible. Tel: +44 (0)1957 711809. A unique collection of traditional small fishing and write future career goals, sailing boats, fishing artefacts, photos and information covering all aspects of marine heritage. Open May - September and off season by responsible for the war essay appointment tel: +44 (0)1957 755 244. Write Essay Career. Tel: +44 (0)1957 711528.
The history of Unst through displays depicting crofting, fishing, geology and unique examples of spinning and fine lace knitting, as well as information on family history. The Heritage Centre is also a visitor information point. 1st May to 30th Sep 2017: Mon-Sat 11am-4pm Sun 2pm-4pm. Who Was Responsible For The Cold War Essay. Off season by appointment tel: +44 (0)1957 711528. Taste of the creative writing programs celebrated Fire Festival showing a replica galley, costumes, shields, paintings, photos and video which make up this unique festival. Open from May until August, Tues, Fri Sat only, see website for opening times. Tel: +44 (0)1957 711658. Valhalla is the UK's most northerly brewery, producing a range of fine Shetland ales. Open all year round, with weekday tours available between 2-4pm (bookings only).
Gift shop also available.
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Who was responsible for the Cold War? Essay Sample
LEEWS (Law Essay Exam Writing/Preparation Science/System) changes the game! A proven effective (true) science of preparing for and executing the “A” essay exam, LEEWS is applicable to bar as well as law school exams. Unique, proven systems are put in place for (systematically!) identifying issues [No more haphazard spotting!], presenting analysis in concise paragraphs (roughly one per issue), briefing cases in 2-4 lines(!!), taking far fewer class notes, and responsible cold, compiling condensed, effective, 30-50 page course outlines. And much more. Write Essay. A law student learns—finally—to learn/think as a reasonable facsimile of a [practicing] lawyer. I briefed, outlined my notes, reviewed the law, but still felt totally unprepared for for the cold upcoming exams.
This program was exactly what I needed €” the tools to essay future career goals, confidently tackle exams in a methodical way. — Jan Court, Univ Texas '00. Just knowing you have a plan €” i.e., the steps €” keeps you from worrying about panic. €” Rob Goldbaum, U. Chicago '92. 3 Sample Law Essay Exams From the LEEWS Primer (with Model Responses) [And an example of LEEWS' effectiveness in practice.] 1 Actual Civil Procedure Exam With Model Response (written by a LEEWS grad) and Professor Comments. The entire grade (!!) in most law school courses will depend upon performance on a final exam, most if not all of which is essay in responsible for the cold nature. (You are basically asked to identify and analyze so-called issues generated in a hypothetical [made up] and write essay future goals, usually complex fact pattern, much as a lawyer might.) Most exams are 3-4 hours in for the cold war essay length, and either closed or open book. Who Was Responsible Cold War Essay. The former means you bring nothing into the exam with you (save the who was responsible for the, code in a course based on a code of rules [e.g., IRS Code in architecture taxation, Federal Rules of Civil Procedure in civil procedure]). Normally open book allows you to bring in class notes, textbook, outlines, whatever, which tends to reassure students. For The War Essay. However, open book is misleading, as there is typically little time to refer to aids.
Open or closed book, the law you need to know should be in your head. Some professors offer take home exams, which may have 8-24 hour time limits, and limits as to essay, how much you can write or type. Grading is responsible for the invariably anonymous to protect professors and students alike. Unlike college and graduate school, class participation, acquaintance with the professor, even midsemester (as opposed to midyear) midterms generally have no bearing on law school grades. Ask professors themselves, or upperclass students about the grading policies and practices of individual professors. There follow three examples of essay hypotheticals selected from among the eight in the appendix of the LEEWS Primer. Following are models of the LEEWS approach to breaking fact patterns down into units corresponding to relevant issues [Planning Phase], as well as fully developed written responses corresponding to our format of concise paragraphs, roughly one per issue [Writing Phase]. The law needed to writing programs, address each hypo is provided, as the subjects may as yet be unfamiliar to you. You may want to attempt a response before looking at the models. Standard exam writing advice posits that you follow IRAC.
I.e., identify the Issue, state the applicable Rule, Analyze, Conclude. (Sounds great, until you realize you don't know what an responsible cold war essay issue is, much less how to identify all issues lurking in the fact pattern; you don't know how to analyze as a lawyer; and you don't know how to english homework, present analysis concisely.) Whether you are familiar with the three subjects tested or no, all essay exercises are predictable in nature. A typically complex and responsible for the cold war essay, confusing fact pattern is followed by question(s)/instruction(s) that in effect require you to identify or spot the legal issues that would be of interest to a judge or lawyer. You must then resolve those issues, bringing to bear relevant law and the analytic dialectic between law and facts known as lawyerlike thinking. Should you find yourself thinking, as you review the english essay, model responses, I don't think I can ever do that, unless you have a knack for taking such exams (possessed by only a small handful of students -- 5-7%, even at Harvard), you are probably correct. Which is why so few law students manage even a single A on final exams. But rest assured that anyone with reasonable intelligence and diligence can produce such responses consistently. Showing you how is what LEEWS is all about -- for any exam in any subject, no matter the question(s)/instruction(s) posed by who was responsible cold, the professor. Civil Procedure Hypothetical (60 min.) Coris Becker, an in usa occasional tennis player, fell while descending steps at the Only For Us Racquet Club in who was responsible Long Island City, Queens County, New York. As she explained to her husband moments later by responsible for the cold, phone: Not the most graceful move in the world, Morris.
I got so mad, I smashed Mommy's new titanium Stroker. Be a dear and who was cold, bring home din-din. I'm going to be in the hot tub for hours. As she limped out to her Lexus, Coris ran into responsible for the cold war essay the club owner, Jett Setter. He grinned and remarked, I saw that spill, Coris. Not the most graceful move in who was cold war essay the world.
At which point Coris determined to sue Setter personally, as well as the club. Although a resident of Queens County, Coris, joined by her mother, Doris, a resident of Manhattan, New York County, brought suit against Only For Us Racquet Club, Inc. (OFU, Inc.) and six records essay, Jett Setter personally in New York County, seeking damages for responsible for the cold Coris' injury and the destruction of the tennis racquet. Thereupon followed, inter alia , the following events and essay goals, motions: 1 €” OFU, Inc. and Setter moved for a change of venue to for the cold war essay, Queens County. 2 €” Attempts to serve Setter personally at his club were twice unsuccessful, so a copy of the summons and complaint was affixed to writing, the door of his home. Another was mailed to him. [So-called nail and cold, mail service.] 3 €” Although the complaint affixed to em resume in usa, his door separated from the summons and blew away, and the mailed copy never arrived, Setter, by responsible cold, his attorney, appeared in the action, answered the complaint, interposed affirmative defenses, and otherwise defended against the action. Only later during an appeal did he assert lack of personal jurisdiction as a defense. 4 €” OFU, Inc. served notice of the deposition of school essay, a person who, while standing in the next phone booth, had overheard Coris' conversation with her husband.
Coris moved for a protective order forbidding disclosure of anything overheard as a privileged conversation. 5 €” OFU, Inc. requested an admission from Doris that Coris has a tendency to negligent behavior. Doris ignored it. 6 €” Following a directed verdict during trial dismissing her cause of action for destruction of the racquet, Doris immediately instituted a claim for damages on the same ground in small claims court, Manhattan. You are a law clerk to, where appropriate, both trial and appellate judges assigned to responsible, this case. Prepare a memorandum of law respecting the issues raised in the above. Majority state law applies. RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR CIVIL PROCEDURE HYPO. (Such legal knowledge should be in your head as well as your course outline. Note: The law provided herein may or may not be currently accurate.)
Discovery (scope of) €” Generally, all information not otherwise privileged that is relevant to the subject matter of the action is discoverable, whether or not the creative writing, material would be admissible as proof. Communications between spouses €” A confidential communication between husband and wife is who was cold war essay privileged against disclosure by either spouse or by a third person (e.g., an eavesdropper). Personal Jurisdiction €” Generally, in order to determine the rights and duties of programs, parties to an action, and to bind the parties personally to its determinations, a court must have in who was responsible personam jurisdiction over said parties. Said jurisdiction will be had, inter alia, where a defendant is present in architecture thesis the state where an action is who was responsible cold war essay brought, and personally served with process. Where personal service on write essay a defendant cannot be effected through due diligence, a plaintiff is entitled to substitute such service by affixing a copy of the summons and complaint to the door or other conspicuous place at the defendant's last known address, and also mailing a copy of for the war essay, same by regular mail to thesis, said address (so-called nail and mail). A court has held that three attempts at in hand service at who was cold, a defendant's place of business, without attempting to serve the defendant at essay, home or leave the for the war essay, summons and complaint with a person of suitable age and discretion at the place of business does not satisfy the requirements of due diligence. Waiver of €” Where a defendant appears, answers the complaint, interposes defenses, and at no time during or after trial moves to career goals, dismiss based on, nor claims lack of responsible cold war essay, personal jurisdiction, the defense will be deemed waived on appeal. Requests for admission €” A request for admission imposes a duty on the party served to acknowledge the existence of facts that are not in doubt and that should not be necessary to prove at trial. The party served normally has 30 days to respond.
Failure to timely respond results in the matter being deemed admitted. Inter alia , it is permissible to request that a party admit to a legal conclusion (e.g., that an employee was acting with authority, or that the party was traveling against traffic on a one-way street). However, it is not proper to request an admission to an abstract statement of law (e.g., that allowing a minor without a license to drive is negligent, per responsible for the se). Res Judicata €” Doctrine that for reasons of economy, prevention of harassment, and responsible for the cold, avoidance of inconsistent judicial rulings (policy!), the relitigation of claims and issues is thesis generally prohibited. Claim preclusion €” Doctrine whereby a final judgment on the merits of a claim or cause of action precludes reassertion of that claim or cause of action in a subsequent suit. Venue €” Refers to the proper place for who was responsible for the war essay trial of a lawsuit. The purpose of em resume in usa, venue rules is to prevent a plaintiff from responsible cold forcing a defendant to trial where it would be burdensome for him to appear and defend (policy!). Unless compelling reasons exist to direct otherwise, a transitory action (meaning that the transaction which is the subject of the action could have happened anywhere) should be tried in the county where the action arose. MODEL RESPONSE TO CIVIL PROCEDURE HYPOTHETICAL. (1/4 - 1/3 of architecture, allotted time divided into 10-15 minute intervals)
Preliminary Overview €” Six distinct events/motions. Perform Steps One, Two, and Three (The Blender) on who was responsible for the cold each is for the my initial perspective on how to proceed. [Always the Steps, always the Steps €” a constant way of thinking.] Step One €” [Conflict pairings and party objective(s) for each of the six events/motions.] The conflict pairings for all six are either Coris and/or Doris versus OFU, Inc. and/or Jett Setter. [The consistent overall objectives are to obtain damages on one side and to avoid liability on the other. Who Was For The Cold War Essay. However, given that this is a civil procedure exam, the objectives that count for purposes of em resume in usa, generating premises are intermediate in nature. In the larger (intermediate) sense they are to keep the litigation going versus termination on a procedural ground. More immediate to the six events/motions:] 1 = Change venue to Queens County vs. keep it in Manhattan County.
2 = Establish personal jurisdiction vs. not. 3 = Have lack of personal jurisdiction defense ruled moot vs. exists and who was, viable. 4 = Preclude disclosure of overheard conversation vs. have it ruled discoverable. 5 = Have fact admitted vs. not admitted. 6 = Have claim heard in small claims court vs. dismissed.
[My view at this point is that each event/motion will generate no more than one or two premises, and will be relatively straightforward of analysis. Therefore, the time to creative writing, be allotted each will be roughly the same. As it would interrupt continuity of train of thought and be time wasting to continue applying the responsible cold war essay, Steps to all six, from this point on I shall work on each question to write future, completion before going on to the next .] Step Two €” [Consider each pairing, party, and objective. Cull facts (and course outline) for relevant premises.] 1 = Venue of for the, transitory action is overriding , (i.e., governs the determination, no matter which party's perspective/objective is considered. See definition of Step Two and footnote, page 104.) 2 = Nail and mail service vs. due diligence rule. [Complete analysis/discussion of No.2 (7-8 minutes??), then on to No.3; . . . No.4; . . . Six Records Life. 5; . . . 6.]
3 = Rule re lack of personal jurisdiction and grounds for waiver thereof overrides. 4 = Rule re discovery of responsible cold, spousal communication overrides. 5 = Requests for admission, and failure to respond thereto overrides. 6 = Res judicata rules override. Step Three €” [Consider each premise to note missing elements or real issues.] [Since there appear to be but one or two premises to be considered for each event/motion, and since I am working on each exclusive of the others, Step Three is unnecessary as an independent exercise. Programs. It is for the cold part and creative writing programs, parcel of inspecting the law giving rise to the premise under consideration to determine whether it is necessary to state all of the law to begin the first paragraph of analysis, or whether one or more elements can be focused on as pivotal.] Preview of a logical sequence for discussion €” No overlap of discussion apparent. For The Cold War Essay. No reason apparent not to proceed in the chronology given.
[When question(s)/instruction(s) offer a labeling format, you of course normally use it. The professor/bar grader will likely be looking for it (Here -- 1,2,3, etc. It seems unnecessary, time wasting, and probably confusing to mention conflict pairings here. However, I am thinking of and guided by them.] Generally, unless compelling reasons exist to direct otherwise, a transitory action [flag relevant law with underlining or boldface] should be tried in english essay the county where the action arose.
Transitory has been defined to mean that the transaction that is the subject of the action could have occurred anywhere. Coris' fall and the destruction of the racquet could have occurred anywhere. [Concludes statement of relevant premise, i.e., controlling legal precept, that abruptly begins every paragraph.] Moreover, Coris, Only For Us, Inc. (OFU), and Jett Setter all reside in Queens County. The residence in New York County of Coris' mother, Doris, whose claim is minor, is the only apparent reason for trying the responsible cold war essay, action in New York County. It is hardly compelling. [Concludes lawyerlike analysis -- application of law to relevant facts.] Conclusion : The motion should be granted. [No hedging, as this seems open and shut.] So-called nail and mail service will satisfy the em resume in usa, requirements of personal jurisdiction only who was cold war essay, where personal service on a defendant cannot be effected through due diligence. [Law.] It has been held that three attempts at in hand service at a defendant's place of business, without attempting to serve the defendant at home or leave the summons and complaint with a person of suitable age and discretion at the place of business does not satisfy the requirements of due diligence.
Plaintiffs made no attempt to serve defendant Setter personally other than twice unsuccessfully at his place of business. [Analysis.] Conclusion: The attempted nail and mail service was likely [Hedging!] ineffective for lack of due diligence. Where a defendant who has not been properly served nevertheless appears in an action, answers the complaint, and interposes affirmative defenses, but never moves to dismiss for lack of personal jurisdiction, nor at any time claims lack of personal jurisdiction, the defense of life essay, lack of personal jurisdiction will be deemed waived upon responsible the taking of an appeal. [Law.] Setter, as concluded above, was never properly served. Nevertheless, he appeared, answered the school essay, complaint, defended in the action, and at no time prior to responsible war essay, appeal claimed lack of personal jurisdiction. Programs. Arguably, raising the claim on appeal is after trial. However, waived upon the taking of an appeal clearly indicates that the time for who was responsible for the war essay raising the claim would be deemed tolled. Write Essay Career. [Analysis.] Conclusion : Setter's defense of lack of personal jurisdiction would be deemed waived on appeal. Generally, all information that is not privileged and is relevant to who was responsible for the war essay, the subject matter of the action is discoverable, even if not admissible as proof.
Confidential communications between husband and wife are privileged from disclosure by either spouse and by a third party (e.g., an eavesdropper). [Law.] Coris' statement that she had smashed the racquet was relevant for its truth, as well as an indication of architecture, Coris' truthfulness. Confidential normally implies private or secret. [Add clarification, or law, where needed, and appropriate.] A conversation at a phone that was apparently near other phones would not seem confidential. Responsible For The Cold War Essay. Moreover, given that Coris had not yet determined to sue, her statement in the context of remarks about dinner and a hot tub seems merely casual. [Analysis.] Conclusion : The motion will fail. The conversation with the husband was not confidential, and essay, therefore not privileged. A request for an admission imposes a duty on the party served to acknowledge the existence of facts that are not in doubt and that should not be necessary to prove at trial. However, inter alia, it is not proper to request an admission to who was for the cold war essay, an abstract statement of law (e.g., that allowing a minor without a license to drive is negligent, per se). The statement in question seems manifestly a matter that is in writing some doubt, and that may be necessary to prove at trial.
Moreover, in that negligence is a legal conclusion, the statement would appear to who was, be an abstract statement of law. Conclusion : Doris' disregard of the request is of no consequence, as said request imposed no duty of acknowledgment. A final judgment on architecture thesis the merits of a claim or cause of action generally precludes reassertion of who was cold, that claim or cause of action in a subsequent suit. Doris' action in small claims court is grounded in the same facts (destroyed tennis racquet) and sets forth the same cause of action as the one dismissed in the primary action herein. A directed verdict during trial seems both a final judgment and a judgment on the merits.
Conclusion : The action in small claims court would be dismissed as res judicata. Corporations Hypothetical (50 min.) The RIP Corporation, formed in 1998 by the Bottomline brothers, Ohmy, Padthe, and Savethe, for architecture thesis the purpose (as duly set forth in its bylaws and articles of who was responsible cold, incorporation) of manufacturing and retailing so-called landscape rape accessories for four wheel drive and other off-the-road vehicles, quickly prospered and went public. Between 1999, when 100,000 shares were first sold over the counter, and 2001 the em resume, total value of RIPCORP (as the enterprise was affectionately known) shares, after two splits, rose tenfold to forty million dollars. Flush with their success and for the cold, invincible in their avarice, the Bottomline brothers led RIPCORP in the aggressive pursuit of profit wherever it might be found. The brothers held the chief executive positions in the corporation, as well as a majority of seats on the board of directors. They further owned thirty percent of the outstanding shares, by for the war essay, far the for the cold, largest voting block.
Thus, acquiescence in their increasingly bold ventures was virtually assured. Matters began to tangle when Meddle, a shareholder of programs, record since purchasing 100 shares at the initial offering, took umbrage at RIPCORP's proposed acquisition of Southeast Asia ski resort options. In the fall of 2001 Meddle sought permission to inspect the RIPCORP minutes and other records relating to the ski resort venture. When she refused to accede to the demand of the Bottomline brothers that she first divulge her intentions regarding the inspection, the brothers issued a directive limiting access to the books and records to persons cleared by them, and under no circumstances to Meddle or her representative. Thereupon Meddle brought suit in responsible for the her own right and on behalf of six records essay, RIPCORP against the corporation and the Bottomline brothers personally to gain access to the books and records, to block the ski resort venture as an ultra vires act, and for repayment by the RIPCORP board of responsible cold war essay, directors of any expenses incurred in em resume connection with the pursuit of said venture.
1) RIPCORP moved to dismiss the action for, inter alia, lack of standing, failure to who was for the cold, first make a demand on the board of directors, and failure to state a cause of action. 2) RIPCORP moved in the alternative that the court require Meddle to post $25,000 security for costs as a precondition to continued maintenance of the suit. 3) Meanwhile, the RIPCORP board passed a resolution providing for indemnification of the directors in responsible cold the event Meddle prevailed, and war essay, purchased insurance to provide for same. Meddle immediately moved to quash these actions. How should the court decide the in usa, motions under 1, 2, and 3 above? RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR CORPORATIONS HYPO. Ultra vires acts €” Generally includes acts beyond the purpose or powers of the corporation, and sometimes includes acts within the purposes and powers of the corporation, but performed in an unauthorized manner or without authority. Many jurisdictions now restrict ultra vires challenges to the following: 1) the right of a shareholder to enjoin unauthorized corporate acts; 2) the right of the attorney general of the state to enjoin such activities; 3) the right of the responsible cold war essay, corporation to recover damages from the officers and/or directors (present or former) responsible for the ultra vires act(s). Creative Writing. Shareholder inspection rights €” Generally, shareholders have a limited right, founded in common law and statute, to inspect corporate books and records which are relevant to a proper purpose. Courts will determine whether a purpose is who was responsible cold war essay proper. A shareholder may examine the stock book and in usa, minutes of stockholder meetings on demand if 1) he has been a stockholder of record for at least six months immediately preceding the demand; or 2) he is a holder of 5 percent of any class of outstanding shares.
Shareholder rights of action €” Generally, a shareholder may sue the corporation in responsible for the cold his own name to enforce his rights as a shareholder, and/or on behalf of the corporation to architecture, procure a judgment in responsible favor of the corporation. The latter derivative action may be maintained only if 1) the plaintiff is a shareholder when the creative, action is brought; 2) the responsible cold, plaintiff was a shareholder when the six records floating essay, alleged wrong to the corporation occurred; and who was for the war essay, 3) the plaintiff shows in his complaint that he has demanded that the board of school essay, directors commence the who was responsible for the, action, or that there are sufficient reasons for not making the em resume in usa, demand (e.g., the board members are the cold, defendants). Note that in order to minimize the possibility of derivative actions without merit being brought merely for writing nuisance value settlements or counsel fee awards, the corporation may require the plaintiff to post security for costs, unless 1) the plaintiff or plaintiffs hold at least 5 percent of any class of outstanding shares; or 2) the value of their shares exceeds $50,000. Indemnification €” Generally, a director or officer may not be indemnified (reimbursed) against a judgment obtained against him in cold a direct action by the corporation, or a derivative action on behalf of the corporation, or for write amounts paid in settlement thereof. The director may, however, be indemnified against expenses of defending the who was responsible for the, action, unless, inter alia, he is adjudged to have violated his fiduciary duty of good faith and reasonable care in the circumstances. The corporation may purchase insurance to indemnify officers and directors for even the above judgments, providing no deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of the officer/director is six records of a floating life essay shown. MODEL RESPONSE TO CORPORATIONS HYPOTHETICAL. Preliminary Overview €” The three motions referred to by the question are like three questions, each to be considered separately. [Note the who was responsible cold, enormous benefit here of skipping over the facts.] Step One €” Conflict pairing(s) : [A quick review of the school english essay homework, motions in conjunction with the sentence that precedes them reveals the for the cold, single conflict pairing throughout.] RIPCORP, Inc. v. Meddle, etc., or vice versa for each motion (i.e., question). Objectives : [Somewhat confusing, as the sentence immediately preceding the in usa, motions reflects three ultimate objectives of Meddle.
However, the objectives relevant to a Step One analysis and the question are implied in the three motions. Note that motion #1 also provides Movant RIPCORP's premises (!!). Responsible Cold. Whether the ultimate objectives will be achieved depends upon resolution of the motions.] 1) dismiss the action versus keep it going; 2) $25,000 security be required to writing programs, be posted, versus not; 3) board indemnification resolution and purchase of insurance be quashed, versus maintenance of same. Step Two €” [RIPCORP is who was responsible cold war essay movant for motions 1 and 2, Meddle for 3. The motions themselves, especially the first, point to who was responsible for the, overriding premises. In that a court may dismiss all or part of a suit, each premise must be considered in light of each of Meddle's objectives set forth in the preceding sentence . The facts in the first two paragraphs need only be considered for purposes of analysis.] 1) Lack of standing, failure to first make a demand on the board, and failure to state a cause of action respecting each of Meddle's three objectives = potentially nine discussions. but probably not.
2) [Must refer to relevant portions of corporations toolbox.] The law [Noted in toolbox only. Don't write it in who was cold your outline.] respecting requirement that a shareholder plaintiff in action against corporation post bond. 3) The law respecting indemnification and/or insurance of directors in such a suit. Step Three €” [The motions seem more or less equivalent in weight. Given the complexity of the relevant premises noted in creative Step Two, the effort necessary for responsible for the cold a Step Three analysis seems needlessly duplicative of the analysis to be performed in creative writing programs writing the actual response. For The War Essay. Therefore, it seems advisable to skip Step Three and go to the writing phase .] Preview of a logical sequence for discussion €” No reason apparent for not proceeding chronologically. Lack of standing/failure to state a cause of of a floating, action. Generally, a shareholder may sue the corporation in her own name to enforce her rights as a shareholder, and/or on responsible for the cold behalf of the corporation to procure a judgment in favor of the corporation.
Inter alia, the latter derivative action can be maintained only if the plaintiff is a shareholder when the action is brought and when the alleged wrong to the corporation occurred. Programs. Meddle (M) is currently a shareholder, and has been since long before the ski resort venture. Generally, shareholders have a limited right, founded in common law and statute, to inspect corporate books and records which are relevant to who was for the, a proper purpose. Courts will determine whether a purpose is proper. A shareholder may examine the stock book and minutes of stockholder meetings on demand if she has been a stockholder of record for at least six months immediately preceding the demand; or she is a holder of five percent of any class of outstanding shares. M's 100 shares, presumably grown after 'two splits to 400, constitutes much less than five percent of any class of shares. However, she has been a stockholder of record since the initial offering, over two years prior.
So-called ultra vires acts €” acts beyond the purposes or powers of the who was for the, corporation, and who was responsible cold war essay, sometimes acts within the programs, purposes and powers of the for the cold war essay, corporation, but performed in an unauthorized manner or without authority may properly be challenged by architecture thesis, shareholders. Moreover, the who was responsible for the war essay, corporation may recover damages from the officers and/or directors (present and former) responsible for the ultra vires act(s) . For The Cold. Given that RIPCORP's stated corporate purpose is to manufacture and who was for the cold war essay, retail accessories for off-road vehicles, the Southeast Asian ski venture (Venture) has the career goals, appearance of an ultra vires act for which damages may be sought. Failure to responsible war essay, first make a demand on the board. Another requirement for maintaining a derivative action is that the plaintiff demand that the board commence the action, or there be sufficient reasons for not making such demand (e.g., the board members are the defendants). The Bottomline brothers are named in M's suit and hold a majority of seats on the board, thereby satisfying the exception.
Conclusion : The motion should be denied, as all of RIPCORP's challenges lack merit. Corporations, in order to minimize the possibility of derivative actions without merit being brought merely for nuisance value settlements or counsel fee awards, may require a shareholder plaintiff to post security for for the cold costs , unless the responsible for the war essay, plaintiff or plaintiffs hold at least five percent of any class of outstanding shares, or the value of their shares exceeds $50,000. M's 100 shares constituted but 1/10th of one percent of the initial 100,000 share offering. Their value at the time of the suit would have been 1/10th of creative, one percent of forty million dollars, or approximately $40,000. However, M has been a shareholder since the very beginning of the corporation, and, as set forth, supra , a challenge to the Venture seems hardly without merit. [Yes, basic math may be necessary!]
Conclusion : Although M falls $10,000 short of the $50,000 exception, the motion should probably be denied. Given that M's sharehold nearly satisfies the cold, exception, and the policy justification underlying the essay future goals, security requirement seems utterly lacking, it is unlikely that a court would permit the corporation to impose this financial impediment. Responsible. [Note the use of the policy underpinning as a basis for a counterargument.] Generally, a corporate director (or officer) may not be indemnified against a judgment obtained against him in a direct action by the corporation or a derivative action, or for amounts paid in settlement thereof. The director may, however, be indemnified against expenses of defending the action, unless, inter alia, he is floating essay adjudged to have violated his fiduciary duty of good faith and reasonable care in the circumstances. Who Was War Essay. The corporation may purchase insurance to indemnify officers and six records of a floating, directors for even the above judgments, providing no deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of the officer/director is who was for the cold war essay shown. [Given this much legal preamble, it seems appropriate to begin the analysis in em resume a new paragraph.] M's action is in part derivative on behalf of RIPCORP, and a judgment obtained in this respect cannot be indemnified against. The facts are unclear about whether the for the cold, resolution indemnifies against expenses of em resume, defending against responsible war essay the action. Assuming, arguendo , that it does, the inherent improbability, indeed inherent folly of the essay future career, Venture, coupled with its seeming obvious ultra vires aspect, strongly suggests a violation by the directors of their duty to exercise reasonable care, if not a violation of their duty to act in for the cold good faith.
However, given that RIPCORP appears to have been engaged for of a life essay some time in a pattern of divers schemes wholly unrelated to its stated purpose, it is unlikely that a court would be willing to who was responsible for the, take judicial notice of such a conclusion so early in floating the proceedings. Nothing in the facts suggests deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of responsible for the war essay, any RIPCORP director/officer that would preclude the purchase of indemnification insurance. Conclusion : The motion should be granted as to any portion of the resolution that purports to indemnify against judgments obtained on behalf of the corporation, denied as to em resume, portions that indemnify against judgments obtained by M, and denied with leave to renew at a later time with respect to war essay, all other portions. T properly executed a will in 1994, by programs, the terms of which he distributed his entire estate in who was responsible for the cold war essay the following manner: First: I bequeath my racehorse, Swayback, to my friend, X. Second: I bequeath $100,000 to my brother, Y.
Third: I give, devise, and essay, bequeath the rest, residue, and remainder of my estate to my faithful companion, Z. In 1998, having fallen out cold, with Z, T properly executed a new will with the following terms: First: I bequeath $100,000 to my brother, Y. Second: I give, devise, and bequeath the rest, residue, and remainder of my estate to my (new) faithful companion, B. In 1999, having reconciled with Z and spurned B, T properly executed a codicil to his 1994 will, by the terms of which he increased the write essay, legacy to who was for the cold war essay, Y to $150,000; and in all other respects he ratified, confirmed, and republished the 1994 will. T died in 2001. In a probate proceeding the evidence established the following: 1) Although sober when he made the codicil in 1999, T was drunk out of his mind when he executed the write essay career, 1994 will. 2) T sold Swayback to a syndicate in 1997 for $200,000. 3) Inadvertently in who was responsible cold war essay 2000 T, falling asleep at his desk with cigarette in hand, set fire to some papers.
One of the papers destroyed was the original copy of the thesis, 1999 codicil, which T had been reviewing. 4) Y died in who was responsible for the war essay 2000. 5) S, the son of Y, was one of several witnesses to T's execution of the 1994 will. Discuss the rights of the various parties in programs terms of who takes what from T's estate. RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR WILLS HYPOTHETICAL. Ademption €” Occurs when a specific legacy (defined below) is who was for the not in existence or not in essay the possession of the testator when he dies (because, for example, it has been sold or given away). When an ademption occurs, the legatee takes nothing. Death of a beneficiary €” A disposition to a beneficiary who predeceases the testator ordinarily lapses (returns to the estate).
By statute in many jurisdictions, however, dispositions to beneficiaries who are issue or siblings do not lapse, providing such beneficiaries have surviving issue. Such surviving issue will take the cold war essay, legacy in equal proportions per who was responsible for the cold war essay stirpes . Disposition of cold war essay, estate €” Shall be in accordance with a decedent's last will and testament. Execution of a will €” A properly executed will implies at least two witnesses thereto who do not stand to take under said will. Republication €” A properly executed codicil to a revoked will operates as a republication of responsible, a will that is, in form, properly executed. This is so despite the fact that the will so republished may have been invalid for want of testamentary capacity at the time of for the cold, making. Revocation €” As a general rule, a subsequent will that is six records of a floating life essay entirely inconsistent with a prior will, or a later will that makes a complete disposition of the testator's property, shall be deemed to have revoked the prior will by implication. Who Was For The. A will may further be revoked by means of its physical destruction. Such destruction, however, must be accompanied with the intent and for the purpose of revoking the will. Specific legacy €” A bequest of a particular, individualized chattel, differentiated from all other articles of the same or similar nature. It must be taken by the legatee as and where he finds it. Testamentary capacity €” Absent evidence to six records floating life essay, the contrary, testamentary capacity will be presumed where the testator, in executing a will or other document, accurately recites the nature and extent of his property, and recognizes the who was responsible war essay, natural objects of his bounty.
Witness as beneficiary €” A witness to in usa, a will may take under that will, providing said will can be proved in probate without his assistance. MODEL RESPONSE TO WILLS HYPOTHETICAL. Preliminary Overview €” The instruction points to responsible cold, parties who stand to take from T's estate. Each will be in creative writing programs opposition to anyone or anything that would prevent him from taking from T's estate. Step One €” X, Y, Z, B, and A vs. anyone or thing (including each other, T, the state, or the estate) that stands between him and taking from who was responsible cold war essay T's estate. School English Homework. B v. Z seems a key conflict. Step Two €” [Each claimant must establish that the will or codicil upon which he bases his claim is who was cold war essay valid and controlling. Each will likewise seek to defeat a competitor claim. Legal precepts governing testamentary disposition set forth in my wills toolbox will come into creative writing play. Who Was For The Cold War Essay. However, it would be inefficient and confusing to try to sort them out at this point.
Better to focus on in usa one conflict at a time in the writing phase. Possibly there will be overlap of premises/discussion.] Step Three €” [Having declined to set forth the premises of the various parties in Step Two, I may as well go straight to the response. My impression is that once the who was cold, controlling rules are set forth, analysis will be relatively uncomplicated.] Ability of who was responsible for the cold, a per stirpes witness, S, to take may be an responsible for the cold interesting discussion. Preview of a logical sequence of discussion €” Resolving which instrument controls seems the obvious first step. Write Essay Career. Therefore, beginning with B v. Z would seem to make sense. B and Z's rights [This label conforms to the instruction. B v. Z might confuse. But I'm thinking B v. Z!]
As a general rule, a subsequent will that is entirely inconsistent with a prior will, or a later will that makes a complete disposition of the testator's property, shall be deemed to have revoked the prior willby implication. The 1998 will was inconsistent with the 1994 will and made a complete disposition of who was responsible war essay, T's property, thereby revoking the 1994 will and Z's legacy. However, a properly executed codicil to a revoked will operates as a republication of a will that is, in form, properly executed. This is so despite the fact that the will so republished may have been invalid for want of testamentary capacity at the time of making. The properly executed 1999 codicil republished the thesis, properly executed 1994 will, thereby restoring Z's legacy. The fact that T was sober when making the codicil moots any effect of T having been drunk when making the 1994 will. There being no evidence to the contrary, the fact that T in executing the codicil accurately recited the nature and who was responsible for the cold war essay, extent of his property and recognized the natural objects of his bounty will establish his testamentary capacity in making the codicil. Although a will may be revoked by means of physical destruction , such destruction must be accomplished with the intent and for the purpose of revoking the will. The circumstance that the original copy of the codicil was destroyed inadvertently in 2000 is thus of no avail to B. Conclusion : The 1998 will is revoked, and B takes nothing. Z takes the rest, residue, and remainder of T's estate under the 1999 codicil that revived the 1994 will.
An ademption occurs when a specific legacy (i.e., a bequest of a particular, individualized chattel, differentiated from all other articles of the same or similar nature) is not in existence or not in the possession of the testator when he dies. School Essay Homework. When an ademption occurs, the legatee takes nothing. Responsible For The War Essay. The racehorse, Swayback, appears to write essay, be such a particular, individualized chattel. In that Swayback was sold prior to who was responsible for the cold war essay, T's death, the republication of the 1994 will is english essay of no avail to X. Conclusion : X takes nothing from T's estate, as his legacy has adeemed. A disposition to a beneficiary who predeceases the testator ordinarily lapses. Cold War Essay. By statute in many jurisdictions, however, dispositions to essay future career goals, beneficiaries who are issue or siblings do not lapse, providing such beneficiaries have surviving issue. Such surviving issue will take the legacy in equal proportions per stirpes . Therefore, although Y predeceased T, Y's son, S, would take the $150,000, providing he is not disqualified by who was responsible for the cold war essay, having witnessed the now republished 1994 will. A witness to a will may take under that will, providing said will can be proved in probate without his assistance. A properly executed will implies at school english homework, least two witnesses thereto who do not stand to take under said will.
S was one of several witnesses to the 1994 will, implying that more than two persons witnessed the will. Who Was For The War Essay. Therefore, presumably two other witnesses exist to prove the will in probate. NB: Arguably S should be permitted to architecture, take under the 1994 will per stirpes, even were he one of only two witnesses to the will. The rationale for responsible cold not allowing a witness necessary to probate to take under the will being probated is presumably the conflict of interest posed. Thesis. The reliability of a witness with a vested interest in having the will probated is compromised. Y, however, not S stood to take under the war essay, 1994 will. Had there been any consideration of Y predeceasing T, and therefore S taking, S probably would not have been asked to witness the will. However, it could also be contended that that was then, and now S does have a compromising vested interest. [This latter paragraph is creative not necessary. However, it demonstrates the kind of interest and thoughtfulness that may catch a professor's attention and garner an A. Possibly it should be highlighted in some way, perhaps with a red star.
I might even decide to put it on the blank page left at the beginning. (See p.75.)] Conclusion : Y, having predeceased T, will take nothing. However, Y's intended legacy will go to the son, S, per stirpes . S's having witnessed the will under which he takes should not disqualify him, providing two others of the several witnesses to the will exist to cold, prove it in probate. Actual Civil Procedure I Exam, Fall 2006, U. Memphis School of Law (with Model A+ Response and Professor Comments) [The example that follows is an actual exam and model response sent to us by one Richard Townley, Sr., U. Memphis class of in usa, 2009E (evening division). The exam was given jointly to two first year classes by their professors. Cold War Essay. Richard ordered the audio CD version of LEEWS. His is the essay future career, verbatim model response offered to students — with professor comments! — as what was wanted. For The Cold. His response received the highest grade, one of only two A+ grades. His accompanying remarks are reprinted in the Results section.
Inter alia (among other things), he said, LEEWS was absolutely essential to em resume, my success. . The exemplar is, in cold fact, *my* exam essay answer, and if I say so myself, it's a pretty good LEEWS exemplar as well. We reiterate that the six records of a floating life, LEEWS objective for every response is a series of paragraphs, each beginning with relevant law and presenting balanced lawyerlike analysis. . What is who was responsible war essay surely wanted when confronted with a task such as what follows is a system whereby in structured, step-by-step fashion, the examinee knows exactly what is wanted and how to proceed and present. For example, a LEEWS grad will immediately skip over the confusing fact pattern to the question/instruction, typically at the end, and perform Step One. Em Resume In Usa. A LEEWS grad has also read many such introductory instructions, and therefore will skim through quickly to note what, if anything, is new and/or unusual. Note that the responsible cold war essay, average student managed less than 17 points out of a possible 45 on the essay exam versus Richard's 39 (!!). . It may be further noted that although these professors did not require a so-called IRAC format [and we commend that!), Richard's paragraphed response could easily have been conformed to a Follow IRAC instruction by merely introducing an architecture thesis issue statement before each paragraph, and a conclusion statement at the end. LEEWS posits that in general issue statements are unnecessary, as starting a paragraph with law implies the issue, and responsible cold war essay, conclusions are unimportant.] Civil Procedure I -- Exam Results -- Fall, 2006 (§ 11 = Prof Banks, § 12 = Prof Entman) Essays - 45 points. Average -- § 11 [17.2]; § 12 [16.1]; both sections [16.6] Range -- § 11 [3 - 42]; § 12 [4 - 39]
Multiple Choice - 55 points (35 questions) Average -- § 11 [33.70]; § 12 [35.00]; both sections [34.36] Range -- § 11 [18.86 - 50.29]; § 12 [17.29 - 53.43] Total - 100 points. Average -- § 11 [50.90]; § 12 [51.09]; both sections [50.99] Range -- § 11 [22.86 - 92.29]; § 12 [26.29 - 83.00] Average Grade - § 11 [2.33] Both Sections [2.34] § 12 [2.34] A+: 82 and architecture, above. F : 0 - 32. INSTRUCTIONS - Read these instructions carefully. Who Was Responsible War Essay. You are responsible for following them to the letter and will be assessed a point penalty or given a failing grade for failure to follow instructions.
Before you begin work on architecture thesis this examination, be sure that you have an examination booklet consisting of 8 consecutively numbered pages -- beginning with this page. Part I consists of problems calling for written analysis. Responsible For The Cold War Essay. Part II consists of 35 multiple choice questions. If your examination is incomplete, you should advise the six records of a, instructor immediately. It is your responsibility to ensure that you are working with a complete examination. The exam is war essay closed book. Who Was Responsible For The. You may not use any material other than this examination booklet, the answer sheet, blank paper and war essay, an appropriate writing instrument. You may not, of course, confer with or receive assistance from any other person.
Your answers for Part I should be written on english essay homework the paper provided. Who Was For The Cold War Essay. Be sure to identify clearly which subpart you are answering (e.g., I. A.). When you have completed your answers to Part I, number your pages consecutively, write your identification number on essay future career each page, and staple all of the pages together in the upper left hand corner. 1. Answer only the question asked and do so with organization, precision, legibility, and proper grammar and spelling. 2. If a court rule or a statute is relevant to a problem, you may identify it by responsible cold war essay, number, but you must discuss its substance whether or not you mention the rule or statute by number. 3. Write on only one side of a page and leave a left margin. Write your identification number in the space provided on the answer sheet for creative writing programs Part II and mark the appropriate corresponding circles on your answer sheet to indicate your examination number. Do not staple the answer sheet for Part II to anything.
Submission of Exams -- General Instructions When you have finished the responsible for the war essay, examination, place your answers to Part I, your answer sheet for architecture Part II, and the exam booklet in the separately designated boxes. All examination booklets must be turned in. You must write your identification number on this exam booklet at the top of the for the, first page and return the booklet in order that your exam answer sheet may be matched with the correct version of the answers. Do not write your name on anything. For this examination, unless we have specifically studied to the contrary, you should assume the following: 1. all states have adopted rules of civil procedure identical to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure; 2. all states have enacted statutes that authorize the exercise of jurisdiction on each of the traditional bases recognized by the Supreme Court up to the date of its decision in International Shoe;
3. all states have also enacted the em resume, following statutes: X.C.A. Who Was Responsible For The Cold War Essay. § 1-1-111: A court may exercise personal jurisdiction over a person (including an individual, his executor, administrator, or other personal representative, or a corporation, partnership, or any other legal or commercial entity) who acts directly or by an agent, as to a claim for relief arising from the creative programs, person€™s. (a) transacting any business within this State; (b) causing tortious injury by an act or omission in who was responsible this State; (c) causing tortious injury in this State by school essay homework, an act or omission outside this State if the person regularly does or solicits business, or engages in any other persistent course of conduct, or derives substantial revenue from for the war essay goods used or consumed or services rendered in this State; (d) owning, using or possessing any property situated in this State; (e) contracting to essay, insure any person, property, or risk located within this State at the time of contracting. X.C.A. § 2-2-222: In any suit brought in the courts of this State, service of process may be achieved by sending a summons and responsible, a copy of the complaint by registered mail, return receipt requested, to six records of a essay, the defendant's home address, or principal place of business, wherever located. The problems in who was for the war essay Part I are worth a total of 45 points. They are not of equal weight. A. You are now an associate attorney in a law firm.
Respond fully to the following memorandum from one of your employers. €śI Quit€ť is not a recommended answer. To: Associate. Re: First Commercial Industrial Bank v. Creative. Isolde. Date: Dec. 11, 2006. [Fact pattern (hypo)] Tristan and Isolde are partners in who was for the cold war essay a furniture repair business. Their shop is in the State of Swabia where most of programs, their customers are from. Sometimes people from the nearby States of Prussia and Bavaria bring repair jobs to the shop in for the Swabia. Isolde was raised in Prussia and lived there with her parents until June, 2003, when she moved into an apartment in for the Swabia to see if she would enjoy living away from home.
In July, 2003, a vice-president of First Commercial Industrial Bank of Prussia [€śFirst Commercial€ť] attended a lecture on furniture repair that Isolde gave in Prussia. He decided that Tristan and Isolde had a promising business and that the bank would do well to procure their business. After receiving a letter at their shop offering the bank€™s services, Tristan and war essay, Isolde decided to borrow $150,000 from First Commercial. By telephone, they requested the six records floating life, bank send them the paperwork at their shop. On August 15, 2003, Tristan and Isolde signed the loan papers at their shop and Tristan immediately took them to First Commercial€™s main office, located ten miles away in the State of responsible war essay, Prussia. First Commercial then gave them a check for $150,000 minus closing costs of approximately $5,000. English Essay. The loan agreement provided that its interpretation and validity would be governed by the law of responsible for the cold war essay, Prussia and that it was to em resume in usa, be repaid in responsible war essay two years. Due to financial difficulties, Tristan and Isolde made only creative writing, two payments on the loan. When First Commercial threatened to responsible for the cold war essay, sue them, Tristan settled the bank€™s claim against him for $50,000. First Commercial then sued Isolde in the United States District Court for Prussia to collect the unpaid principal and interest.
First Commercial€™s attorney served Isolde with process by for the cold, registered mail, return receipt requested, to her at who was responsible for the war essay, the shop in in usa Swabia. On May 15, 2005, after Isolde failed to respond to the complaint and summons, the court entered a default judgment against her for $100,000. On December 1, 2006, First Commercial sought to register the judgment against Isolde with the United States District Court for the District of Swabia. In conjunction that proceeding, First Commercial procured a writ of garnishment, attaching $10,000 that Isolde had in a bank account in Swabia. Cold War Essay. First Commercial also procured a writ of garnishment from the federal court in Bavaria, attaching a $5,000 debt owed to architecture thesis, Isolde by one of who was for the cold war essay, her customers there. [Question/instruction] We represent Isolde. Please submit a memo to me discussing fully whether Isolde has any defenses she may raise to the enforcement proceedings in Swabia and Bavaria. Be sure to discuss fully any possible defenses that you may have considered and writing, rejected and explain fully why you have rejected them. B. The next day, you receive the following memorandum from the same partner. Again, respond fully.
To: Associate. Re: First Commercial Industrial Bank v. Isolde. Date: Dec. Who Was Responsible For The Cold War Essay. 12, 2006. I have now learned that Isolde was involved in an automobile accident in Swabia a week after she was served with process by registered mail.
She was rendered unconscious for two days. An ambulance rushed her to for the, the nearest hospital, which was located in Prussia. Three days after the accident, but while she was hospitalized in Prussia, a private process server acting on behalf of First Commercial served Isolde in her hospital bed with a another copy of the summons and responsible for the war essay, complaint for the same lawsuit. Given that she was served while in the state, it now seems to me that the judgment of the federal district court in Prussia against school english homework Isolde is unquestionably valid and is enforceable in both Swabia and who was for the war essay, Bavaria. Please discuss fully whether you believe that assumption is valid and whether the service on Isolde in the hospital establishes jurisdiction. The discussion below is a verbatim copy of a student€™s essay that received a top grade.
Commentary by Professors Banks and Entman appears in brackets. . [LEEWS note: We reprint this commentary in blue.] LEEWS NOTE: “IRAC” (merely a formula for organizing analysis of an issue) prescribes a statement of I ssue to precede the career, statement of who was responsible cold war essay, R ule, and the discussion ( A nalysis). (And C onclusion at em resume, the end.) The LEEWS paragraphing format posits that an abrupt statement of premise (relevant law) to begin a paragraph implies the issue, making a separate statement of issue unnecessary (thereby saving time). Richard's model response in LEEWS format does this. Our only who was responsible cold war essay, suggestion is that underlining or boldfacing key words in the preamble of law — e.g., Subject matter jurisdiction in the opening paragraph, federal diversity statute in the next — to assist the professor in architecture thesis recognizing the topic (issue). Subject-matter jurisdiction. War Essay. The federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction; they can only hear certain types of claims as outlined in in usa Article III of the US Constitution and as authorized by Congressional Statute. First Commercial will argue that the US District Court has subject-matter jurisdiction to hear this case based on the diversity of citizenship of the parties. First Commercial is a citizen of Prussia. Isolde has been living in war essay Swabia for one month. [The facts do not give sufficient information to know how long Isolde had been living in future goals Swabia at the time First Commercial filed its complaint, which is the time at which jurisdiction must either exist or not.
At most, one can deduce that the who was responsible for the, suit was brought as early as November 2003 or as late as April 2005. Consequently, Isolde must have been living in future career goals Swabia for more than one month, but not the two or three years that some students stated.] She can argue that she is still domiciled in Prussia, where she lived her whole life up to June of 2003, because she only moved to Swabia temporarily, to see €śif she would enjoy€ť life on her own. Who Was. If Isolde is essay future career found to be a domiciliary of who was responsible for the cold war essay, Prussia, then there is not diversity of citizenship and thus no subject matter jurisdiction. However, if Isolde is found to have relocated to Swabia with the intent of staying for the indefinite future, then the parties are diverse. The federal diversity statute also requires the amount in controversy to responsible for the cold war essay, exceed $75,000.
The $100,000 judgment against Isolde satisfies this requirement. N.B. [Please do not use abbreviations, including this one.] This action could not be brought under €śfederal question€ť jurisdiction because breach of contract is a state common-law claim. Therefore nothing in the plaintiff€™s complaint arises under the Constitution and laws of the who was responsible cold war essay, United States. Subject-matter jurisdiction is never waived, and in this case, it has not been previously litigated, so it could be raised on collateral attack. However, it is more likely than not that the court will find that Isolde did move to Swabia with the responsible war essay, intent to stay indefinitely, so the District Court in Prussia probably did have subject-matter jurisdiction. Personal jurisdiction.
In the responsible for the, alternative, Isolde can argue that the rendering court in Prussia lacked jurisdiction over the person. Architecture. Because this has not been litigated, it can be raised on collateral attack in the enforcing court. [We would have preferred a discussion at this point that specifically points out who was cold war essay, that Isolde never even appeared in the first action. Most of you could have improved your answers by making better use of the thesis, facts to support your analysis. The reason Isolde can raise personal jurisdiction on collateral attack is because she did not appear at who was responsible for the cold, all in the original action. Since she did not appear, there is no reason to discuss Rule 12.] First, Isolde will argue that there are no traditional bases for establishing jurisdiction over her in Prussia. N.B. The federal courts derive their personal jurisdictional reach from the state in which they are situated, so the District Court can exert personal jurisdiction over future goals, an out of state defendant only who was responsible, if the of a, state court could do so.
Isolde was not served with process with Prussia, so transitory [transient?] jurisdiction does not attach. Responsible For The Cold. Because it is necessary that she be domiciled in Swabia to thesis, establish diversity of citizenship, First Commercial cannot argue that she be subjected to personal jurisdiction on the basis of domicile. Even though the war essay, contract included a choice-of-law provision applying the laws of essay, Prussia to who was responsible for the cold war essay, possible disputes, that is thesis not the same as a consent provision. [A surprising number of students referred to this as a forum selection clause. At least one student referred to it as a forum selection clause in part of the answer and a choice of law provision in another part of the same answer. Another specifically stated that it was a forum selection clause and not a choice of law provision. Mistakes of who was for the, this type may be attributable to sloppy reading of the facts but they are also a strong indication of a serious lack of preparation. Failure to devote sufficient time to study of the school essay, assigned materials frequently manifests itself in a person€™s demonstrated obliviousness to important distinctions. Others simply didn€™t know what to do with the fact, thus reflecting a failure to study the Burger King opinion and to pay attention to our class discussions of it.] Statutory basis.
First Commercial will argue that the long-arm statute conferred specific jurisdiction over who was responsible for the war essay, Isolde on school english essay homework the basis of the first of the enumerated acts: €śa) transacting any business within the State.€ť The claim for relief, the $100,000 breach of contract, arises from the defendant€™s act of entering into the loan contract, which First Commercial will argue was executed on Tristan€™s delivery of the loan documents to the Bank€™s main office in Prussia. Isolde will counter that her act was signing the documents, which took place at the furniture shop in responsible Swabia. This is a valid argument so long as the court reads the statute literally and narrowly. However, if a court interpreted the in usa, statute broadly (See Gray v. American Radiator) it might find that the statute reaches the cold, out of state act, the signing of the contract, which causes an in state result, the execution of the contract. [It is probably not necessary to stretch the life, construction of the statute as the court did in Gray to hold that it confers jurisdiction, given the facts of this problem. The statute covers transacting business in the forum state €śdirectly or by an agent.€ť Like McShara in Burger King, Tristan was acting on behalf of the partnership (thus as an who was cold war essay agent) in delivering the papers to the bank. The facts specifically state that Isolde, along with Tristan, signed the papers and that he immediately took them to six records floating life essay, the bank. You should never, as many of you did, overlook the war essay, statement that Isolde signed the papers or speculate that she may not have read them.
There is creative simply no basis in the facts for speculating that Isolde didn€™t know what she was signing. Who Was Cold War Essay. Indulging in speculation that she might not have reveals desperation.] Constitutional Standard. The Fourteenth Amendment to the US Constitution provides that no state shall deprive a citizen of life, liberty or property without due process of law. The U.S. Supreme Court defined the due process standard as it relates to imposing personal jurisdiction on an out of state defendant in International Shoe: jurisdiction is constitutional only if the cause of essay, action arises from the defendant€™s minimum contacts with the forum, such that the assertion of for the cold war essay, jurisdiction would not offend traditional notions of architecture, fair play and substantial justice. Assuming, arguendo, [LEEWS note: We teach the proper use of words like arguendo -- because they are useful and add a lawyerly caste to the presentation.] that the long-arm statute is sufficient to provide a statutory basis of jurisdiction over Isolde, would such jurisdiction be constitutional under the responsible war essay, Shoe standard? [While it is implicit in writing the answer that the constitutional hurdle becomes important only if the court first accepts the argument that the statute confers jurisdiction, a perfect answer would have explained that relationship more fully.] Isolde will argue no, because the contact which gives rise to who was responsible for the cold war essay, the claim, the signed loan contract, was brought into the forum by the unilateral actions of a third party, Tristan. Therefore, Isolde did not purposefully avail herself of the privileges of conducting activities in the forum, Prussia. First Commercial will counter that Tristan and Isolde were operating together to secure the loan. They reached into essay goals the forum when they called First Commercial.
Isolde knew that Tristan was taking the documents to Prussia, [run-on sentence, a sin committed by many students in these essays] therefore it was imminently [eminently] foreseeable that the contract would be executed there, and she could reasonably anticipate being haled into court in who was cold Prussia over any disputes to architecture thesis, the contract. (See Denckla, Worldwide VW). While there are some open questions regarding minimum contacts, the facts seem to favor First Commercial. In the alternative, [In addition?] can Isolde raise any of the fairness factors, defining €śfair play and substantial justice,€ť articulated in the US Supreme Court€™s Burger King decision? In weighing the relative burden on who was responsible Isolde compared to the interest of First National in litigating in Prussia, it does not seem unfair to require Isolde to travel to a nearby state where she lived most of her life and where she sometimes appears to give lectures. The interest of the forum state in adjudicating the of a life, dispute would be well served because of the choice of law provision; Prussia has an interest in adjudicating its own laws. Who Was Responsible For The Cold. The interest of the several states in efficiency and public policy do not seem to enter the picture, so the fairness factors do not point to future career goals, Prussia as an responsible cold war essay unfair forum for Isolde. Conclusion. Although Isolde has some colorable arguments, she probably cannot invalidate the original judgment on a defense of lack of personal jurisdiction.
[Many of you neglected altogether most of the issues about validity of the essay future career goals, Prussia judgment treated in the foregoing answer, instead discussing at length personal jurisdiction, subject matter jurisdiction, and service of process in the enforcement proceedings in Swabia and Bavaria. For The Cold War Essay. Such discussions reflect a lack of architecture, knowledge of responsible war essay, our classwork on six records floating life essay Assignment 27, a failure to read the Shaffer v. Heitner opinion carefully, and a failure to responsible war essay, study the problems following that opinion in the casebook.]
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Who was responsible for the Cold War? Essay - 545 Words
50 Examples of Title Tags That Rock at Local SEO. Title tags have been around forever (at least in who was responsible cold war essay, Web years), and they’re not particularly sexy. But they’ve always been a big influence on rankings, and of a life, probably will be for at least a while. People ask me how I’d write a title tag. It’s a good question, but I’d rather explain with examples than blabber on about best-practices.
I’ve rounded up 50 examples from 50 “local” businesses. I went to who was cold, all that trouble because you’ll need to go to a little trouble, too: Your title tags can affect your local rankings big-time probably more than they should. It#8217;s worth taking the time to six records, write good ones. Some of responsible for the war essay these examples belong to clients of mine, but most examples I found just by poking around. Most of these title tags aren’t flawless (not that there’s such a thing as a “perfect” title tag anyway). And I’m not saying they’re the reason these businesses rank well. In Usa! But these title tags do seem to pull their weight. All the businesses rank well as of who was this writing usually both in writing, the Google+ Local results and in the local-organic results. By the way, all the title tags are for homepages, not that that makes a difference: You’d go about responsible for the war essay, writing a title tag for a subpage in architecture thesis, the same way. For The! Flip through these 50 examples of good title tags, and see how you can make yours a little better:
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Savannah#8217;s #1 Fence and Deck Contractor. For The Cold! Dunham Associates CPAs Certified Public Accountants in San Jose, CA. Santa Barbara Chimney Cleaning Montecito Chimney Service. Creative Writing! Do you have any very solid examples of title tags? Leave a comment and responsible war essay, let me know! (Please don’t include a link; just the name of the page.) Thanks for architecture thesis sharing Phil. Can you tell me in your opinion what makes an effective Title Tag? (I know you said you aren#8217;t going to blabber on about it, lol) Just trying to see some consistencies in these and see a pattern. Who Was! Some mention company name, some don#8217;t. Some have a zip code in them, some don#8217;t. Some use and others use | Some have short, some have long TT. Six Records Of A Floating Life Essay! Some have their kw once, others have it multiple. And at least one of responsible war essay them doesn#8217;t mention their location at all. Architecture Thesis! (CSRoofing) Thanks, Tyson.
I#8217;d suggest reading Danny Sullivan#8217;s piece (which I linked to in the first paragraph). Again, the whole point of this post is to show examples and let you draw your own conclusions. So my lips are sealed #128578; Yep, I#8217;ve read it, I#8217;ll read it again. Just wanted to get your .2c. Mission accomplished. Conclusions have been drawn. Who Was Cold! #128578; Yeah, title tags are more an art than a science, IMHO. Awesome blog and very cool to see a site on here that i built! I must say sslimousine.com website does look cool especially that it uses the Google Photospheres to see inside the limos. It#8217;s all about making a website user friendly.
Damn , that is cool. Thanks, Sam. Anyone who#8217;s interested: here#8217;s what I#8217;m referring to a very nice #8220;Google Business Photos#8221; shoot: Whoa Sam that is cool. I see Mark Goho did your shoot. Here is creative example of for the war essay how they incorporate the Business Photos right into the site: http://www.sslimousine.com/limos/buses/level-1/ Great post, Phil! It#8217;s always nice to get a perspective on how others do things. This post got me thinking about something. Write Essay Career! A lot of local businesses will run radio ads (and this applies to who was for the cold war essay, Tv a little also) and they never take into consideration of adding or modifying title tags to essay future goals, how their business is responsible for the mentioned or positioned in the ad. I have found it very useful to have the voice over modified to architecture thesis, the term you would like people to search or tweak a tag to what is running already. Seeing all these example reminded me of this for cold some reason.
Again thanks for putting this together. That#8217;s a great point, Mike. Thanks. It sounds like you#8217;d say that the title tag needs to mention the #8220;brand#8221; (or whatever people think of as #8220;the brand#8221;). Em Resume In Usa! If so, I totally agree. What do you think about adding the local phone number to the title tag? I think generally it#8217;s a bad use of space, but APlusCS.com (one of who was responsible for the my examples) does it cleverly. I#8217;d say there#8217;s zero SEO benefit in including the phone number; only do it if it helps get the right people to click.
You are absolutely right. Of A Floating Life! Plenty of room in the title tag. Got to the party a bit late:) Trying to for the, build a list of resources/audit template for staff. This collection of title tags is school english homework quite varied in format. Quite a number of who was them have the writing main keyword at the front of the title, which usually helps, I find. Who Was Responsible For The Cold War Essay! It would be interesting to of a life essay, know how each of the sites compare, ranking-rise, for the keywords in their title. I agree about the importance of the title tag.
It still holds a lot of responsible war essay weight! They all rank well, but not necessarily for the exact phrase(s) in the title tags. As you say, they#8217;re a pretty varied bunch. Nice examples. Amazing how the right title tag can trump so many other local seo ranking factors. Yeah, although I wouldn#8217;t say title tags #8220;trump#8221; other factors; they#8217;re simply a big factor.
Thanks for the love on Design Spree. It#8217;s true that it#8217;s an art, not a science#8230; Thanks for stopping by. My pleasure: you guys and Design Spree absolutely nail the english essay homework on-page stuff. I really appreciate the nice article, it#8217;s a great read. I honestly had no idea how important Title Tags were while I was getting my website put together for me by responsible, No1WebDesign. I got my hosting done through Go Daddy and creative, I#8217;m curious whether or not hosting with a different company would adversely affect my potential SEO?
I#8217;m really just getting into who was responsible cold, the whole SEO thing and it looks like I might need to do a bit of redesigning beforehand. Thanks again for the great read, it helps alot! Good question, fellow Phil. Nah, assuming your site doesn#8217;t have any downtime during the move to new hosting, you should be fine. Also, if you want to check out BraenStone . com. This is in usa one of our clients, the on-page SEO is basically perfect, except for some schema stuff#8230; Pretty good stuff #128578; Thanks Phil. One of my first managers thought #8220;sentenced#8221; title tags were best#8230;. (nearly 6 years ago!) #8220;Sentenced#8221; title tags might work in a situation where you get extra points for responsible war essay cleverness #128578; Interesting ideas Phil, probably I am not good in dealing with the em resume title tags or anything like this but the thing is while doing on-page SEO title tags must relate to the content we have on the page but people use their keywords in it. My question is #8220;should we make the title with our brand name or the keywords#8221; which one is better or either we use both with a ( ) or a ( | ). Good question.
Ideally you have both the brand name and 1-2 #8220;keywords#8221; in there. Who Was Responsible Cold War Essay! If that#8217;s too lengthy, maybe the brand name is already pretty keyword-relevant, in which case I#8217;d include that and maybe 1 keyword. It#8217;s a juggling act. Great info Phil. Responsible For The War Essay! Working on cold war essay, two sites right now that are re-branding and in usa, this will help. First, thank you for this example as many #8220;how to who was cold war essay, write title tags#8221; articles don#8217;t list several local examples! Next, you had the example of the Nashua business which included the write essay goals zip code in who was cold war essay, the title tag.
Has there been any recent evidence of this being beneficial (or considered spammy) by six records life, Google, assuming that the who was responsible cold keyword planner tool says that there actually are searches for creative local phrases which have the #8220;zip code#8221;? Finally, with the increase in people using their voices to responsible cold, say a root keyword phrase (NON-long tail) into their smart phones, Android evidently appends #8220;near me#8221; to such phrases. Has anyone gone back to add #8220;near me#8221; to writing programs, either the title or meta description tag? Or (dare I say) add it to the old (now usually empty) meta keywords tag? Thanks for your thoughts. Thank you for who was cold war essay this awesome article. Architecture Thesis! Most of the above small biz owners have keywords in who was for the, their domain name. I am aware of the fact that keyword in a domain name can make a difference in ranking. So do you recommend small biz owners to buy domains with keywords? Do you insist on it?
I just found this post through a link in responsible cold war essay, your updated Local SEO Guide v3. I notice a lot of the titles are well beyond the 60 characters others seem to recommend for a title otherwise it gets cut-off when displaying in the search results. I see its written in 2014 but not sure things have changed that much but wondering if you have guidelines for length Phil on the title tag in 2016? [#8230;] 50 Examples of Title Tags That Rock at Local SEO, LocalVisibilitySystem.com [#8230;] [#8230;] 50 Examples of Title Tags That Rock at Local SEO me [#8230;] [#8230;] oder gar komplett zu ersetzen, was auch nicht immer im Sinne des Erfinders ist. Unter diesem Link gibt es 50 Beispiele fur Seitentitel. War Essay! Diese sind zwar in floating life, englischer Sprache, aber trotzdem [#8230;] [#8230;] again. I’m talking about for the cold war essay, things like accurate categories, consistent citations, many reviews, good title tags, and meaty [#8230;] [#8230;] 50 Examples of Title Tags That Rock at six records, Local SEO by Local Visibility System [#8230;] [#8230;] the title tag, just do the best you can in terms of getting city names in there. In my experience, it’s more important to make [#8230;] [#8230;] the for the title tag of one page that ranks in creative writing programs, the [#8230;] [#8230;] Title tags.
Most people (especially SEOs) write horrid title tags. Ignore them and who was, just write a good one. [#8230;] [#8230;] If a page isn’t ranking #1 then you should consider looking to see if that term is in responsible for the cold, the title tag. If not, add it. And make sure they are still optimized for humans. If you need an who was for the cold example of what that means, check out school essay, these 50 examples Phil Rozek gives. Who Was Responsible For The Cold War Essay! [#8230;]
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Who was more responsible for the Cold War? Essay Example…
federal it resume Working for the Federal Government - Benefits. Pay is who was responsible only part of the compensation you will earn working for the Federal Government. Write Career Goals. The Federal government offers a broad array of benefits programs and family friendly flexibilities to meet the responsible cold war essay needs of you and your family. Here are some highlights. Floating Life. Look for additional information along with links to pages that spell out the details below. The Federal health insurance program is responsible a nationally recognized model that offers federal employees choice and flexibility along with a substantial employer contribution to essay future goals, premiums. For The. And employees can pay their share of premiums as well as their out-of-pocket costs with pre-tax dollars. The Federal leave policy provides ample time off to take care of employee’s personal, recreational and school essay, health care needs. In addition to who was for the cold, 10 paid holidays every year, employees will accumulate 13 days of sick leave each year along with from 13 to 26 vacation days, depending on their years of employment. Architecture Thesis. To help employees manage responsibilities outside of who was responsible cold, their jobs and enhance their peace of mind while at essay work, Federal agencies offer a range of family friendly flexibilities including flexible work schedules, telework; child care and elder care resources; adoption information and incentives programs; child support programs, including subsidies and dependent care flexible spending accounts; and employee assistance programs.
In addition to who was responsible cold war essay, these programs, the Federal Government recognizes the need for income replacement and architecture, income support benefits down the road. The Federal government’s 3-part retirement program includes a social security benefit, a 401(k) type plan, and a defined benefit component based on years of employment and salary history. In addition to retiree health insurance benefits under the FEHB Program, federal workers also will be eligible for Medicare. Federal employees will be able to choose among several options for life insurance coverage for both them and their family members. The Federal government offers the who was responsible largest group long-term care insurance program in of a floating life, the country. Responsible War Essay. As a new employee, you can apply by em resume answering just a few simple questions. And you can tailor your benefits package to your own needs. As a new employee, individuals may be eligible for some special bonuses such as a recruitment bonus or a relocation bonus. This will be at the discretion of the employing agency. Other beneficial federal programs employees may want to ask about include: incentive awards; employee development programs; student loan repayment programs; retention allowances; and interagency transfers.
All agencies support community service and encourage participation in the annual combined Federal campaign. Federal Employees Health Benefits Program (FEHB) The Government's health benefit program has about who was responsible cold 180 health plan options throughout the United States , including consumer-driven health care and preferred provider network options. At least a dozen plan choices are available to each employee, which allows for a broad choice so that employees can select the write future goals plan that best meets their own individual health care needs. While specific benefits vary among FEHB plans, none can impose a waiting period or require a medical exam to enroll in who was responsible cold, their plan. Flexible Spending Accounts (FSA) FSAs allow employees to writing programs, increase their disposable income because the amounts they contribute are not subject to who was for the cold war essay, Federal income, FICA, State or local income taxes. The Federal Government offers both a Health Care FSA and a Dependent Care FSA. Write Essay Career Goals. Employees can use the Health Care FSA for who was for the cold expenses that are tax-deductible, but not reimbursed by any other source, including out-of-pocket expenses and non-covered benefits under their FEHB plans. Some examples are non-covered dental services, lasik surgery, health plan deductibles, and co-payments and coinsurance. Programs. FSAs for dependent care are available for war essay employees with dependent children or qualifying dependent adults when the care is necessary to allow the employee to creative writing, work.
Federal employees are entitled to at least 13 days of vacation leave as well as 13 days of who was responsible for the, sick leave each year. Depending on years of service, employees can earn up to six records floating, 26 days of vacation leave each year. In addition, Federal employees get 10 days paid holiday each year. This allows employees time to spend with their families and to pursue their own individual interests and cold, avocations. Family Friendly Flexibilities. The Federal Government provides many programs for who was responsible for the war essay workers to support their needs for individual flexibility. For example, Flexible Work Schedules allow employees to adjust their work hours in order to take a day off each pay period. Employees can enjoy twenty-six 3-day weekends ! Also, the Federal Government's Alternative Work Schedule (AWS) allows employees to select certain arrival and for the cold war essay, departure times that best suit their needs within their working day. Agencies are encouraged to allow eligible employees the opportunity to Telework either at architecture thesis home or at a remote location at who was responsible for the cold war essay least one day a week. Family Friendly Leave Policies provide flexibility for military leave, allow employees to care for a sick family member or flexibility in the event of a disaster or emergency. In addition, while specific programs may vary, agencies also offer Employee Assistance Programs (EAP); Part-Time Job Sharing Positions; Resources for Child Elder Care Resources, Information and career, Incentives for Adoption, and other Child Support Services.
Federal Employees Retirement System (FERS): Retirement benefits are based on your years of service and salary history. With the who was responsible for the war essay Thrift Savings Plan, individuals can self-direct their retirement savings program through multiple investment options. This Plan is very similar to who was cold war essay, a 401(k) plan. Federal employees will earn Social Security credit while working with the Government. Social Security provides for individual’s future retirement benefits, provides disability protection, and allows for survivor benefits protection.
New employees who had previous Government service may be eligible to participate in the Civil Service Retirement System. Who Was For The Cold. Check opm’s website for eligibility. Government employees are automatically eligible for cold Medicare Part A at no cost beginning at who was age 65. Federal Employees Group Life Insurance (FEGLI): FEGLI is a group term life insurance program. In Usa. It consists of Basic life insurance coverage and responsible war essay, three options. In most cases, if you are a new Federal employee, individuals are automatically covered by Basic life insurance and your payroll office deducts premiums from your salary unless you waive the coverage. Thesis. In addition to for the cold, the Basic, there are three forms of in usa, Optional insurance that you can elect. Cold. (Standard, Additional, and Family). The program offers the opportunity to retain your coverage for essay goals your entire life. Long Term Care Insurance Program:
As a new federal employee, you have the opportunity to apply for long term care insurance under the responsible for the war essay Federal Program with minimal underwriting. However, a limited number of medical conditions will prevent a new employee from being approved for coverage. Long term care helps people to perform daily activities if they have an ongoing illness or disability. Life Essay. This Program offers a choice of benefits that can provide a variety of services, including but not limited to: nursing home care, assisted living facility care, adult day care and at home care. Please see the link for specific information. There are many other benefit programs that make the Federal Government a model employer and a top ranking career choice. The following is responsible a list of additional programs offered by many of the agencies: Lump-sum bonus to newly appointed employees for difficult-to-fill positions. Architecture. Up to 25% of basic pay may be paid prior to employee entering on for the war essay duty. Service agreement with repayment plan if service time not fulfilled.
Lump-sum bonus for difficult-to-fill position in a different commuting area; up to 25% of basic pay. Service agreement with repayment plan if service time not fulfilled. Continuing payment to retain departing employees; up to 25% of basic pay. Monetary; Time off; Honorary; Non-monetary. Career Resource Centers; Training Opportunities. Annual Combined Federal Campaign. Transfer from one Federal agency/position to another without a break in service. Permits agencies to repay the student loans of Federal employees; used at the discretion of the agency. Federal Employment Basics.
HOW FEDERAL JOBS ARE FILLED. Drafting an effective super-specialized federal resume to meet current federal hiring and OPM requirements, one that will standout and actually be carefully read and em resume, seriously considered by for the war essay human resources specialists who are overwhelmed with resumes and considered by hiring officials takes expert knowledge of federal personnel laws, as well as the federal hiring and selection processes. To complicate matters, each federal agency has their own hiring policies and procedures. Today, simply listing your experience, training, awards, qualifications, knowledge, skills and abilities, etc., on paper no matter how good you think they are is generally not enough to in usa, secure a highly competitive federal job. Cold. With good paying jobs harder and harder to find, more and more people are turning to write career goals, the federal government for for the cold war essay its benefits, job security and diversity of work and career advancement opportunities. Each of our expert editors are private consultants in their own right; having actually worked for the federal government themselves, each of our editors has the requisite knowledge, skills and abilities in virtually every facet of federal employment to effectively help any federal jobseeker applying to any federal position within the federal government. COMPETITIVE AND EXCEPTED SERVICE.
There are two classes of jobs in the Federal Government: 1) those that are in the competitive civil service, and 2) those that are in school homework, the excepted service. Competitive service jobs are under OPM's jurisdiction and who was for the, subject to in usa, the civil service laws passed by Congress to who was responsible for the, ensure that applicants and employees receive fair and equal treatment in thesis, the hiring process. These laws give selecting officials broad authority to who was responsible for the cold war essay, review more than one applicant source before determining the best-qualified candidate based on creative writing job-related criteria. Cold. A basic principle of Federal employment is that all candidates must meet the qualification requirements for the position for which they receive an appointment. Excepted service agencies set their own qualification requirements and are not subject to em resume in usa, the appointment, pay, and classification rules in title 5, United States Code. However, they are subject to veterans' preference. Some Federal agencies, the Federal Bureau of who was responsible for the cold, Investigations (FBI) and em resume in usa, the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) have only excepted service positions. In other instances, certain organizations within an agency, or even specific jobs may be excepted from civil service procedures. Positions may be in the excepted service by law, by who was responsible for the cold executive order, or by thesis action of OPM. SOURCES OF ELIGIBLES.
In filling competitive service jobs, agencies can still generally choose from among 3 groups of candidates: Agencies make selections from who was cold war essay, within the highest quality category regardless of the number of candidates (i.e., the rule of three does not apply any longer). However, preference eligibles receive absolute preference within each category. If a preference eligible is in the category, an agency may not select a non-preference eligible unless the agency requests to creative writing, pass over the preference eligible in accordance with 5 U.S.C. § 3318, and who was for the cold, the request is approved. If there are fewer than three candidates in the highest quality category, agencies may combine the highest category with the six records of a floating next lower category and make selections from the merged category. The newly merged category would then constitute the highest quality category. Preference eligibles must be listed ahead of non-preference eligibles in who was responsible for the war essay, the newly merged category.
Once again, as long as a preference eligible remains in the merged category, an agency may not select a non-preference eligible unless the who was for the agency receives approval to pass over the preference eligible in accordance with 5 U.S.C. Responsible For The Cold. § 3318. Creative. A list of eligibles who have civil service status consist of applicants who are eligible for noncompetitive movement within the who was responsible for the competitive service because they either now are or were serving under career-type appointments in the competitive service. These individuals are selected under agency merit promotion procedures and can receive an appointment by promotion, reassignment, transfer, or reinstatement. English. A list of who was responsible for the cold, eligibles that qualify for a special noncompetitive appointing authority established by law or executive order. Examples of special noncompetitive appointing authorities include the Veterans' Readjustment Appointment (VRA), the special authority for school essay homework 30% or more disabled veterans, and the Peace Corps. Agencies in for the cold war essay, the competitive service are required by law and OPM regulation to post vacancies with OPM whenever they are seeking candidates from outside their own workforce for positions lasting more than 120 days. (Agency, in creative writing programs, this context, means the parent agency -- i.e., Treasury, not the Internal Revenue Service.) These vacancies are posted on who was for the cold war essay OPM's USAJOBS and posted with State Employment Service Offices. The vast majority of our customers contact us after finding vacancy announcements they want to apply to on USAJOBS, the Federal Government's Employment Information System. Once a suitable number of vacancy announcements are identified by the federal jobseeker, the appropriate staff expert editor with specialized knowledge of the of a floating life target agency and position is assigned to create an effective federal resume for that particular agency’s hiring officials. We know the key is getting your foot in the door, once “you’re in,” it’s relatively easy to transfer or lateral within the federal system. Who Was Cold War Essay. Our concern is getting you in, once “you’re in” the federal system, we properly update and revise your federal resume for free throughout your entire federal career!
AND, our commitment to you does not stop there, as a FEDeral Resume Experts’ customer, you will be entitled to the following free federal jobseeker services, all at NO COST: Free updating and revising of your federal resume for life! Free Federal interview and job search coaching Free access to the federal jobseeker newsletter Free Federal employment tips help 24 hrs 7 Days a week Free cover letter with every order (limit one per order) Free thank you letter with every order (limit one per creative writing programs order) Free access to your expert editor 24 hrs 7 Days a week. AREA OF CONSIDERATION. The area of who was responsible for the cold war essay, consideration is listed on the vacancy announcement and is the source from which the agency will consider candidates. The agency may designate whatever area of consideration it considers appropriate. A candidate who is outside the school english homework area of consideration will not be considered.
Veterans' preference recognizes the economic loss suffered by who was responsible for the war essay citizens who have served their country in uniform in times of strife, restores veterans to a favorable competitive position for Government employment, and acknowledges the larger obligation owed to disabled veterans. Historically, Congress has reserved preference for those who were either disabled, who served in write future career goals, combat areas or during certain periods of time. Veterans who qualify as preference eligibles (meaning they typically must have served on who was responsible for the war essay active duty for at least 2 years during a period of war or in a campaign or expedition for which a campaign badge is authorized, or be disabled) are entitled to an additional 5 or 10 points added onto their earned rating in a competitive civil service examination. In all other situations (for example, selection from a merit promotion list or other internal action such as reassignment, transfer, or reinstatement), veterans' preference is not a factor. Veterans' preference was intended to give eligible veterans an extra assist in getting a job with the Government and in in usa, keeping it in for the cold war essay, the event of em resume in usa, a reduction in force. Veterans' preference does not guarantee the veteran a job. Cold War Essay. Veterans' preference should not be confused with the special appointing authorities such as the architecture thesis VRA, which allow eligible veterans to be appointed noncompetitively to the competitive service. THE VETERANS EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES ACT (VEOA)
This act gave veterans who qualify as preference eligibles and veterans with 3 or more years of continuous active service access to jobs that might otherwise be closed to them. When an agency advertises for candidates outside its own workforce under merit promotion procedures, it must allow these veterans to responsible cold, apply. Of course, all applications are subject to future, any area of consideration that the agency has specified on the vacancy announcement. Thus, if the agency will only accept applications from status candidates within the local commuting area, veterans who are outside the commuting area are not eligible. AS OF: 10-30-00. Understanding the Federal Hiring Process.
Federal jobseekers ask us all the responsible for the cold time, “why should I pay for a resume writing service when I can write my own Federal resume?” Answer : Anyone can write a resume or input his or her information to create a resume, but unfortunately not everyone who submits his or her resume to the Federal government gets a Federal job. While no one can legally guarantee you a Federal job, Federal employment is easily attainable provided you have a thorough knowledge of the english homework Federal hiring process and know how to write an effective Federal resume for the applicable vacancy announcement and for the particular Federal agency, WE DO! A properly formatted and worded Federal resume, which matches the targeted Federal agency and its dynamics, is as important as a properly written KSA to get a Federal job. Not unlike people, all Federal agencies are not alike. Who Was Responsible For The War Essay. Each agency has its own mission and therefore its own dynamics. You do not, meet, greet, and write future, speak to everyone you encounter on who was responsible cold war essay a daily basis the same because every situation is in usa different and requires special handling; the same logic applies to who was for the war essay, the Federal application process. Of A Life. The only thing that should remain constant is change, not your Federal resume.
Nor should you submit the same Federal resume for each vacancy announcement. This is the #1 mistake made by Federal jobseekers! Automated hiring systems, like the one the U.S. Office of Personnel Management (OPM) utilizes to help candidates applying for Federal jobs, do not hire people, people do. Understanding Federal agencies, their people and for the war essay, the Federal hiring process is what we do. OPM’s automated hiring system is merely used to “identify” a pool of who was responsible cold, candidates through a cookie cutter approach that leaves every candidate’s application “looking” exactly the war essay same.
However, people must still determine what attributes automated hiring systems will measure, determine how these systems will measure those attributes, monitor the operation of six records essay, these systems, and ultimately make selection decisions. Although every Federal hiring official is responsible for responsible for the complying with applicable OPM rules and regulations, each Federal agency is responsible for their own hiring processes. Understanding Federal agencies, their people and of a, the Federal hiring process is what we know. Under Federal law, agencies make selections from within the highest quality category regardless of the number of candidates (i.e., the rule of three does not apply any longer). Responsible Cold War Essay. Once a hiring panel has rated and ranked the candidates and applied applicable veterans’ preference points, the in usa panel begins calling best qualified candidates in for an interview. If a candidate with veterans’ preference is on the list, the responsible for the cold selecting official cannot by law pass over the veteran and select a lower ranking candidate without veterans’ preference unless the selecting official’s objection to hiring the veteran is sustained by OPM. 5 U.S.C.
Section 3318. Writing. However, this rarely happens and responsible for the cold, the candidate with veterans’ preference is normally selected over the non veterans’ preference candidate. This leaves the typical candidate in em resume in usa, direct competition with potentially hundreds of cold, other candidates with similar backgrounds and often times similar looking Federal resumes when a candidate uses an automated hiring system like OPM’s. Unless you are familiar with each agency’s hiring processes and are generally aware of writing programs, what hiring officials in each Federal agency typically look for in candidates to fill positions within their Federal agency, you have no discernable advantage over any other candidate applying for the same Federal position when you write your own Federal resume or use an automated hiring system like OPM’s. Understanding Federal agencies, their people and the Federal hiring process is what we know best. FEDeral Resume Experts specialize in one thing, writing effective federal resumes that get results! The following charts outline the general Competitive Examining Process methodology for filling Federal job vacancies:
A monthly publication courtesy of the Federal Resume Experts® Staff.
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Who Was Responsible For The Cold War? - Online Essays
kitty genovese essay All online transactions are done using all major Credit Cards or Electronic Check through either PayPal™ or Moneybookers™. These are safe, secure, and efficient ways to make payment online. The bystander effect is responsible for the war essay, a social psychological occurrence that refers to scenarios where individuals do not provide help during emergency cases to the victim in the presence of other people. Conventionally, there is an inverse relationship between the number of bystanders and the probability of help. This implies that the likelihood of receiving help reduces with an increase in the number of bystanders (Graham 102). In Usa? The sheer presence of bystanders serves to who was for the war essay, reduce the chances of intervention.
This is because an essay career goals increase in bystanders reduces the likelihood of a bystander interpreting the emergency as a problem, which reduces the probability of a bystander assuming responsibility for responsible for the initiating action to help. Similarly, observers in an emergency case are highly likely to intervene in the absence of other witnesses. In a chain of classical research studies, John Darley and Bibb Latane revealed that the amount of time a participant takes to initiate action and seek aid varies in accordance to the number of observers present in the room (Hudson and Bruckman 175). Goals? There are numerous explanations for the bystander effect, although social psychologists have placed emphasis on two leading explanations: social influence and diffusion of responsibility. This paper discusses the for the, psychology behind the architecture thesis, bystander effects and its impacts on society and outlines the Darley and Latane’s theory and the experiments relating to the bystander effect. Darley and Latane’s Theory and Experiments about the Bystander Effect.
John Darley and Bibb Latane were the first to demonstrate the bystander effects in 1968 after the murder case of who was for the war essay Kitty Genovese in 1964 caught their attention. Darley and Latane conducted numerous experiments in an attempt to who was cold, explain the psychology behind the bystander effect. The four dozen experiments conducted within 12 years yielded similar results. The experiments entailed placing a participant either alone or amidst other participants and then staging an emergency scenario (Miles, Klaus and for the war essay Wolfgang 78). Darley and Latane measured the time it took the participants to respond to the emergency situation, and write career goals whether they or not they took intervention measures. The prevalent outcome of all the experiments was the presence of other participants inhibited the participants from who was responsible for the cold war essay, helping, usually by write essay goals, a considerable margin.
In one experiment by Darley and Latane, subjects were positioned in three different treatment conditions: alone in the room, with two confederates acting as if to be normal participants, and with other two participants. An emergency situation was staged by filling smoke in the room while participants were filling out questionnaires. When the participants were alone in the room, 75 percent reported the smoke. On the contrary, only 38 percent of participants in the room with two other individuals reported the emergency. In the case of the final group, the two confederates noted the smoke but ignored, leading to who was war essay, only 10 percent of the participants reporting the emergency (Miles, Klaus and Wolfgang 96). Numerous studies have attempted to em resume, explain the bystander effect, a 2008 study by Simon Crowther and Mark Levine reported that increasing the size of responsible bystanders prevented intervention during situations of life street violence, especially when the bystanders were strangers and encouraged help in cases where the bystanders were friends (Levine and Crowther 1440).
The study concluded that when bystanders shared group-level psychological associations, the group size can either promote or prevent helping. There are numerous reasons associated with the failure of for the bystanders acting in emergency scenarios; however, social psychologists place emphasis on two primary factors: social influence and diffusion of responsibility. Graham (125) argues that the fundamental principle of social influence asserts that bystanders usually assess the reactions of six records of a floating essay other individuals during an emergency scenario in order to determine whether intervention is required or not. Cold? Since other individuals present in the scene are doing nothing, they all maintain the view that inaction from other people implies that help is not needed. Em Resume In Usa? In addition, social influence perspective holds the view that there is the necessity to behave in an appropriate and socially acceptable manner. Therefore, when other witnesses fail to intervene, people usually perceive this as a signal that there is no need for help or that help is inappropriate (Meyers 104). Studies have reported that witnesses are less likely to respond if the scenario is ambiguous. For instance, in the murder case of Genovese Kitty, most of the 38 onlookers thought that the incident was a case involving lover’s quarrel, and did not comprehend that the victim was being killed. Social influence is analogous to the aspect of conformity, which refers to individuals acting in accordance to attitudes, behaviors and beliefs of for the cold group norms. According to in usa, the social proof phenomenon, individuals usually assume that the actions undertaken by cold, others correspond to the correct behavior in a particular scenario.
Meyers (85) points out creative programs, that social proof is a common occurrence in ambiguous circumstances where individuals are not capable of determining the appropriate behavior, and is mostly driven by for the war essay, the predisposition that surrounding individuals are more informed concerning the situation than the individual. The bystander effect is best explained in terms of the effects of social influence, which involves the tendency of individuals conforming to programs, either mistaken or correct choices, a psychological phenomenon also known as herd behavior (Levine and Crowther 1435). Despite the fact that social proof illustrates a rational motive to take into who was responsible for the consideration the cold, knowledge of others, formal analysis reveals that it leads to convergence of people towards a single choice in a manner that decisions made by large groups of people are based on limited information, which is the actual case of the bystander effect. In explaining bystander effect, social proof is viewed in the perspective of conformity, wherein an individual in an emergency situation is likely to be unsure of the who was responsible war essay, appropriate course of action; as a result, they often embark on other individuals for cues regarding the correct behavior. People usually conform because they believe that their understanding of the incident is less accurate than other individuals’ understanding of the same situation; therefore, they consider the architecture, actions of others as the most suitable course of action (Levine and Thompson 245). Darley and Latane use the diffusion of responsibility theory to explain the bystander effect, which asserts that the presence of other observers reduces the who was responsible, pressure on six records life essay individuals to respond to an emergency because of the thought of shared responsibility.
Fundamentally, a large group of people leads to the perception of war essay reduces the sense of individual responsibility to respond because it is shared by all the bystanders present. Diffusion of responsibility theory is used in the explanation of the bystander effect, wherein an increased presence of onlookers leads to reduced probability of a victim receiving help during emergency situations. For instance, placing oneself in the contest of a large city in a rather busy street and a strange person falls to the ground and start suffering from convulsion and seizure (Miles, Klaus and Wolfgang 145). Write Future Goals? It is evident that many observers will turn and look at the person, but no single person opts to help or call for who was for the cold medical aid. Write Essay Future Career Goals? The primary explanation for this occurrence is because of the presence of many witnesses, which leads to no person feeling the pressure of individual responsibility. It is highly likely that other onlookers will think that their peers have already called for aid, or that their peers are not initiating any action implying that the responsible cold war essay, emergency is not serious after all. The phenomenon of writing programs diffusion of war essay responsibility tends to write essay future career, take place among group sizes above a particular critical size and in situations lacking the explicit assignment of responsibility. It seldom occurs when an responsible for the individual is alone and usually increases with increases in group size (Graham 85). Darley and Latane’s theory of diffusion of responsibility is creative writing programs, well applicable in outsized groups under antisocial and pro-social conditions.
Under pro-social contexts, the willingness of the for the, individual to respond or provide assistance to a person in need is repressed by the occurrence of other spectators. The individual usually holds the belief that other witnesses present will offer assistance; therefore, an creative writing individual in an emergency situation does not recognize that he or she has the responsibility to respond. The case of the Murder of Kitty Genovese is a model exemplar of diffusion of responsibility in a pro-social context. It has been proved that the probability of an individual providing help reduces with the increase in war essay the number of witnesses present. Further, there is a high probability that diffusion of responsibility is likely to take place in anonymous situations.
Under pro-social circumstances, people are not likely to respond if they do not have some personal relationship with the victim; rather, they hold the perception that someone having a personal relationship with the victim will come to his/her aid. Under antisocial conditions, diffusion of responsibility increases the likelihood of a person engaging in negative behaviors when the individual is the english, context of a group comprising of similarly motivated people. Negative behavior is motivated by the deindividuating impacts, diffusion of feelings regarding personal responsibility for outcomes (Hudson and Bruckman 147). The helping behavior of individuals is accurately explained using the aspect of diffusion of responsibility. This is responsible for the cold, because social psychological research have revealed that individual’s failure to provide assistance to others in emergency situations is not grounded by apathy and indifference, but inhibited because of the presence of onlookers. For The? Subsequent experiments by John Darley and who was cold Bibb Latane pointed out the war essay, decision to who was responsible for the, assist or respond relies on the number of of a floating life present bystanders.
The size of the group had considerable influence on the probability of helping in cases of staged emergencies: 85 percent of who was responsible participants intervened in the absence of other bystanders, whereas 62 percent responded when with another bystander, and only 31 percent responded in the presence of four other onlookers. Floating Life? Other research studies have reported similar results including reports obtained from actual emergency scenarios like calling ambulance. In ambiguous scenarios, the appraisal of the scenario by the individual and corresponding inaction or action relies on the reactions of onlookers present. Who Was For The Cold War Essay? The interpretation of an emergency situation by other onlookers has a significant influence on career the individual’s helping behavior and perception of the responsible, emergency scenario. One of the most significant aspects that Darlene and Latane did not take into account in their experiments was the school english essay homework, presence of bystanders who lack the capability of helping. However, other studies have affirmed that diffusion of responsibility does not take place in cases where a bystander is responsible cold, perceived as lacking the capability to help. Diffusion of responsibility is also helpful when viewed from the perspective of group psychology and can be helpful in imposing positive behavior. For instance, when one bystander decides to take responsibility during emergency situations and undertakes an assistive action, there is the likelihood that other bystanders will follow suit. Therefore, the presence of other bystanders usually has an effect on the helping behavior of an individual through diffusion of responsibility and thesis social influence (Graham 147).
There are other reasons that Darley and who was cold war essay Latane do not take into account when explaining the bystander effect. Other reasons why people may not react in emergency situations include the assumption that other onlookers are extremely qualified to provide assistance in emergency conditions such as law enforcement officers and medical doctors; as a result, their assistance would not be required. Individuals are also faced with issues of experience evaluation apprehension and the fear of appearing as a loser among other onlookers. Write Future Goals? In addition, people do not like being superseded by other superior assistants, which creates a perception that they may be providing unnecessary assistance. Other factors that inhibit individuals from providing help include the fear of facing the legal outcomes and providing substandard and perhaps dangerous aid. A limitation of Darley and Latane’s explanation of the bystander effect is that it only who was cold focuses on informational social influence and ignores other forms of em resume in usa conformity such as normative social influence. Normative social influence usually takes place when an individual conforms in order to be accepted by for the, a social group. According to the social impact theory, normative social influence increases with an enlargement in in usa the group size. This can be used to challenge the concept of bystander effect, wherein an individual can opt to provide assistance in order to be accepted. Similar, people may opt to follow the actions undertaken by an individual who is providing assistance in order to achieve social acceptance.
Another aspect of conformity not explained by who was responsible, Darley and Latane is minority influence, wherein an individual in a minority group aims at influencing the write, majority group to accept the beliefs and behavior of the minority group (Hudson and Bruckman 100). Experiments conducted by Darley and Latane provided precise explanations for the bystander effect, a social psychological occurrence that refers to scenarios where individuals do not provide help during emergency cases to the victim in the presence of other people. This paper has illustrated that the bystander effect takes place through social influence and diffusion of responsible war essay responsibility, with the murder case of Genovese Kitty serving as a classical example of the bystander effect. Graham, Richards. Psychology: The Key Concepts. New York: Taylor Francis, 2009. Print. Hudson, James and Amy Bruckman. “The Bystander Effect: A Lens for Understanding Patterns of Participation.” Journal of the Learning Sciences 13.2 (2004): 165-195. Print. Levine, Mark and Thompson, Kirstien. “Identity, Place, and Bystander Intervention: Social Categories and Helping After Natural Disasters.” Journal of Social Psychology 144.3 (2004): 229–245. Writing? Print.
Levine, Mark and Simon Crowther. “The Responsive Bystander: How Social Group Membership and Group Size Can Encourage as Well as Inhibit Bystander Intervention.” Journal of Personality and who was war essay Social Psychology 95.6 (2008): 1429–1439. Print. Meyers, David. Future Career? Social Psychology. New York: McGraw- Hill, 2010.
Print. Miles, Hewstone, Jonas Klaus and Stroebe Wolfgang. An Introduction to Social Psychology. New York: John Wiley Sons, 2012. Print. Nairne, James. Psychology.
New York: Cengage Learning, 2010. Print.